NISSAN ALTIMA 2013 L33 / 5.G Owners Manual
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3. Tire chains may be used. For details seeâ€śTire chainsâ€ť in the â€śMaintenance and do-it-
yourselfâ€ť section of this manual.
SPECIAL WINTER EQUIPMENT
It is recommended that the following items be
carried in the vehicle during winter:
â—Ź A scraper and stiff-bristled brush to remove
ice and snow from the windows and wiper
â—Ź A sturdy, flat board to be placed under the
jack to give it firm support.
â—Ź A shovel to dig the vehicle out of snowdrifts.
â—Ź Extra washer fluid to refill the windshield-
washer fluid reservoir.
DRIVING ON SNOW OR ICE
â—ŹWet ice (32Â°F, 0Â°C and freezing rain) ,
very cold snow or ice can be slick and
very hard to drive on. The vehicle will
have much less traction or â€śgripâ€ť under
these conditions. Try to avoid driving on
wet ice until the road is salted or
Whatever the condition, drive with cau-
tion. Accelerate and slow down with
care. If accelerating or downshifting too
fast, the drive wheels will lose even
â—Ź Allow more stopping distance under
these conditions. Braking should be
started sooner than on dry pavement.
â—Ź Allow greater following distances on
â—Ź Watch for slippery spots (glare ice) .
These may appear on an otherwise
clear road in shaded areas. If a patch of
ice is seen ahead, brake before reach-
ing it. Try not to brake while on the ice,
and avoid any sudden steering
â—Ź Do not use the cruise control on slip-
â—Ź Snow can trap dangerous exhaust
gases under your vehicle. Keep snow
clear of the exhaust pipe and from
around your vehicle.
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (if so
Engine block heaters are used to assist with cold
The engine block heater should be used when
the outside temperature is 20Â°F (-7Â°C) or lower.
â—ŹDo not use your engine block heater
with an ungrounded electrical system
or a 2-pronged adapter. You can be se-
riously injured by an electrical shock if
you use an ungrounded connection.
â—Ź Disconnect and properly store the en-
gine block heater cord before starting
the engine. Damage to the cord could
result in an electrical shock and can
cause serious injury.
â—Ź Use a heavy-duty 3-wire, 3-pronged ex-
tension cord rated for at least 10 A. Plug
the extension cord into a Ground Fault
Interrupt (GFI) protected, grounded
110-VAC outlet. Failure to use the
proper extension cord or a grounded
outlet can result in a fire or electrical
shock and cause serious personal
5-36Starting and driving
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To use the engine block heater:1. Turn the engine off.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the engine block heater cord.
3. Plug the engine block heater cord into a grounded 3-wire, 3-pronged extension
4. Plug the extension cord into a Ground Fault Interrupt (GFI) protected, grounded 110-
volt AC (VAC) outlet.
5. The engine block heater must be plugged in for at least2-4hours, depending on outside
temperatures, to properly warm the engine
coolant. Use an appropriate timer to turn the
engine block heater on.
6. Before starting the engine, unplug and prop- erly store the cord to keep it away from
Starting and driving5-37
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5-38Starting and driving
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6 In case of emergency
Emergency engine shut off.........................6-2
Hazard warning flasher switch ......................6-2
Flat tire ...........................................6-3
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) ..........6-3
Changing a flat tire .............................6-3
Jump starting .....................................6-8 Push starting
If your vehicle overheats ........................... 6-10
Towing your vehicle ............................... 6-11
Towing recommended by NISSAN ..............6-12
Vehicle recovery (freeing a stuck vehicle) . . . ......6-13
Page 315 of 413
To shut off the engine in an emergency situation
while driving, perform the following procedure:
â€“ Rapidly push the push-button ignition switch 3consecutive times in less than 1.5 seconds, or
â€“ Push and hold the push-button ignition switch for more than 2 seconds.
Push the switch on to warn other drivers when
you must stop or park under emergency condi-
tions. All turn signal lights flash.
â—ŹIf stopping for an emergency, be sure to
move the vehicle well off the road.
â—Ź Do not use the hazard warning flashers
while moving on the highway unless
unusual circumstances force you to
drive so slowly that your vehicle might
become a hazard to other traffic.
â—Ź Turn signals do not work when the haz-
ard warning flasher lights are on. The flashers will operate with the ignition switch
placed in any position.
Some state laws may prohibit the use of
the hazard warning flasher switch while
EMERGENCY ENGINE SHUT OFF HAZARD WARNING FLASHER
6-2In case of emergency
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TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING
This vehicle is equipped with the Tire Pressure
Monitoring System (TPMS) . It monitors tire pres-
sure of all tires except the spare. When the low
tire pressure warning light is lit, and the â€śTire
Pressure Low - Add Airâ€ť warning appears in the
vehicle information display, one or more of your
tires is significantly under-inflated. If equipped,
the system also displays pressure of all tires
(except the spare tire) on the display screen by
sending a signal from a sensor that is installed in
each wheel. If the vehicle is being driven with low
tire pressure, the TPMS will activate and warn
you of it by the low tire pressure warning light.
This system will activate only when the vehicle is
driven at speeds above 16 MPH (25 km/h). For
more details, refer to â€śWarning/indicator lights
and audible remindersâ€ť in the â€śInstruments and
controlsâ€ť section and â€śTire Pressure Monitoring
System (TPMS)â€ť in the â€śStarting and drivingâ€ť
â—ŹRadio waves could adversely affect
electric medical equipment. Those who
use a pacemaker should contact the
electric medical equipment manufac-
turer for the possible influences before
â—Ź If the low tire pressure warning light
illuminates while driving, avoid sudden
steering maneuvers or abrupt braking,
reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road
to a safe location and stop the vehicle
as soon as possible. Driving with under-
inflated tires may permanently damage
the tires and increase the likelihood of
tire failure. Serious vehicle damage
could occur and may lead to an acci-
dent and could result in serious per-
sonal injury. Check the tire pressure for
all four tires. Adjust the tire pressure to
the recommended COLD tire pressure
shown on the Tire and Loading Informa-
tion label to turn the low tire pressure
warning light OFF. If you have a flat tire,
replace it with a spare tire as soon as
When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel
is replaced, tire pressure will not be
indicated, the TPMS will not function
and the low tire pressure warning light
will flash for approximately 1 minute.
The light will remain on after 1 minute.
Contact your NISSAN dealer as soon as
possible for tire replacement and/or
â—Ź Replacing tires with those not originally
specified by NISSAN could affect the
proper operation of the TPMS.
â—Ź Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol
tire sealant into the tires, as this may
cause a malfunction of the tire pressure
CHANGING A FLAT TIRE
If you have a flat tire, follow the instructions be-
Stopping the vehicle
1. Safely move the vehicle off the road and
away from traffic.
2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
3. Park on a level surface and apply the parking brake. Move the shift selector to P (Park) .
In case of emergency6-3
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4. Turn off the engine.
5. Raise the hood to warn other traffic and tosignal professional road assistance person-
nel that you need assistance.
6. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle and stand in a safe place, away from traffic
and clear of the vehicle.
â—ŹMake sure the parking brake is securely
applied and the CVT is shifted into P
â—Ź Never change tires when the vehicle is
on a slope, ice or slippery areas. This is
â—Ź Never change tires if oncoming traffic is
close to your vehicle. Wait for profes-
sional road assistance.
Place suitable blocks1at both the front and
back of the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tire
2to prevent the vehicle from moving when it is
Be sure to block the wheel as the vehicle
may move and result in personal injury.
Getting the spare tire and tools
Open the trunk. Lift the luggage floor. Remove
the wheel nut wrench
1and the jack2from the
from the storage cover
3. Then remove the
3to access the spare tire.
6-4In case of emergency
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Turn the clamp to remove the spare tire. Remove
the spare tire.Removing wheel cover (if so
Do not use your hands to pry off wheel
caps or wheel covers. Doing so could re-
sult in personal injury.
To remove the wheel cover, use the jack rod
2between the wheel and jack rod to
prevent damaging the wheel and wheel cover.
Use caution not to scratch the wheel cover or
Jacking up vehicle and removing the
â—Ź Never get under the vehicle while it is
supported only by the jack. If it is nec-
essary to work under the vehicle, sup-
port it with safety stands.
â—Ź Use only the jack provided with your
vehicle to lift the vehicle. Do not use the
jack provided with your vehicle on other
vehicles. The jack is designed for lifting
only your vehicle during a tire change.
In case of emergency6-5
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â—ŹUse the correct jack-up points. Never
use any other part of the vehicle for jack
â—Ź Never jack up the vehicle more than
â—Ź Never use blocks on or under the jack.
â—Ź Do not start or run the engine while
vehicle is on the jack. It may cause the
vehicle to move. This is especially true
for vehicles with limited slip
â—Ź Do not allow passengers to stay in the
vehicle while it is on the jack.
â—Ź Never run the engine with a wheel(s) off
the ground. It may cause the vehicle to
move. Always refer to the proper illustrations for the
correct placement and jack-up points for your
specific vehicle model and jack type.
Carefully read the caution label attached to
the jack body and the following instruc-
1. Loosen each wheel nut one or two turns by turning counterclockwise with the wheel nut
wrench. Do not remove the wheel nuts
until the tire is off the ground.
2. Place the jack directly under the jack-up point as illustrated so the top of the jack
contacts the vehicle at the jack-up point.
Align the jack head between the two notches in the front or the rear as shown.
Also fit the groove of the jack head between
the notches as shown.
The jack should be used on firm and
3. To lift the vehicle, securely hold the jack lever and rod with both hands. Carefully raise the
vehicle until the tire clears the ground. Re-
move the wheel nuts, and then remove the
6-6In case of emergency
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Installing the spare tire
The spare tire is designed for emergency
use. See specific instructions under the
heading â€śWheels and tiresâ€ť in the â€śMainte-
nance and do-it-yourselfâ€ť section of this
manual.1. Clean any mud or dirt from the surface be- tween the wheel and hub.
2. Carefully put the spare tire on and tighten the wheel nuts finger tight.
3. With the wheel nut wrench, tighten wheel nuts alternately and evenly as illustrated until
they are tight. 4. Lower the vehicle slowly until the tire
touches the ground. Then, with the wheel
nut wrench, tighten the wheel nuts securely
in the sequence illustrated (
E) . Lower the vehicle completely.
â—ŹIncorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the
wheel to become loose or come off.
This could cause an accident.
â—Ź Do not use oil or grease on the wheel
studs or nuts. This could cause the nuts
to become loose.
â—Ź Retighten the wheel nuts when the ve-
hicle has been driven for 1,000 km
(600 miles) (also in cases of a flat tire,
As soon as possible, tighten the wheel nuts
to the specified torque with a torque
Wheel nut tightening torque: 113 NÂ·m (83 ft-lb)
The wheel nuts must be kept tightened to
specification at all times. It is recom-
mended that wheel nuts be tightened to
specifications at each lubrication interval. Adjust tire pressure to the COLD pressure.
COLD pressure: After vehicle has been
parked for three hours or more or driven
less than 1 mile (1.6 km) .
COLD tire pressures are shown on the Tire
Load and Information label affixed to the
driver side center pillar.
5. Securely store the flat tire and jacking equip- ment in the vehicle.
6. Place the spare tire cover and the trunk floor carpeting over the damaged tire.
7. Close the trunk.
â—Ź Always make sure that the spare tire
and jacking equipment are properly se-
cured after use. Such items can become
dangerous projectiles in an accident or
â—Ź The spare tire is designed for emer-
gency use. See specific instructions un-
der the heading â€śWheels and tiresâ€ť in
the â€śMaintenance and do-it-yourselfâ€ť
section of this manual.
In case of emergency6-7