NISSAN PATHFINDER HYBRID 2014 R52 / 4.G First Responders Guide
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2. Basic High Voltage System and 12V System Information
2-1 Battery Information
The Pathfinder HYBRID utilizes two batteries in order to supply both high and low voltage.
2-1.1 Low Voltage Battery• The Pathfinder HYBRID contains a conventional lead-acid12 volt battery.
• The 12V battery is located in the front of the vehicle on the left side of the engine compartment, under a trim cover.
• The 12V battery is charged by the Li-ion battery through the DC/DC converter.
: Vehicle front
2-1.2 Li-ion Battery • The Pathfinder HYBRID contains a Li-ion high voltagebattery.
• The high voltage battery is mounted in the cargo area under the 3rd row seating, enclosed in a metal case
and concealed by trim cover.
• The high voltage battery stores approximately 144 volts DC.
• A vent hose is provided to exhaust gasses outside the vehicle, if necessary.
• Air vents (A) are located on the cargo area trim panels for battery cooling.
The high voltage battery supplies power to the following: • High voltage harnesses
• DC/DC converter
• Traction motor inverter
• Traction motor
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2-2 High Voltage-Related and 12V-Related Component Locations andDescriptions
Components with white number in black background are high voltage components.
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No. Component Location Description DC/DC Converter Cargo area floor
(mounted right of
Li-ion battery) The DC/DC converter reduces the voltage of
the Li-ion battery to provide power to the 12V
battery in order to operate the vehicle’s electric
components (headlights, audio system, etc.) .
Service Plug Cargo area floor
(inside storage bin
behind access door) This is used to disable the high voltage system.
Lithium-ion (Li-ion)Battery Cargo area floor
(under 3rd row
seating floor trim) The Li-ion battery stores and outputs DC
power (Maximum voltage 144V) needed to
propel the vehicle.
Traction Motor Engine compart-
ment (built-into thetransmission) Converts three-phase alternating current (AC)
power to drive power (torque) which propels
Traction MotorInverter Engine compart-
ment (front driverside) Converts the DC power stored in the Li-ion
battery to three-phase AC power and controls
motor torque (revolution) by regulating the
motor current. The inverter has a built in high
12V Battery Engine compart-
ment (front driverside) A lead-acid battery that supplies power to the
low voltage devices.
High Voltage Har-ness Cargo area (on
Li-ion battery) ,
under floor, enginecompartment Orange-colored power cables carry high DC
voltage between each of the high voltage com-ponents.
2-3 Li-ion Battery Pack Specifications
Li-ion Battery Specifications
Li-ion battery voltage 144V
Number of Li-ion battery modules in the pack 3 modules (40 cells)
Li-ion battery module voltage 48V each
Li-ion battery dimensions 36.31 x 22.07 x 6.52 in. (922.3 x 560.5 x 165.6 mm)
Li-ion battery weight 62.4 lbs (28.3 kg)
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2-4 High Voltage Safety Measures
Circuit insulation The high voltage positive (+) and negative (-) circuits are insulatedfrom the metal chassis.
Reducing the risk of electrocution The high voltage components and harnesses have insulated cases or orange-colored coverings which provide insulation and easy identification.
The high voltage battery case is electrically connected to the vehicle ground.
This connection helps protect the vehicle occupants and emergency
responders from high voltage electrical shock.
Identification The high voltage components are labeled “WARNING” similar to label shown below. All high voltage harnesses are coated in orange.
2-4.1 Warning Label
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2-5 High Voltage Safety System
The high voltage safety system is intended to help keep vehicle occupants and emergency responders safe
from high voltage electricity.• A high voltage fuse provides short circuit protection inside the high voltage battery.
• The high voltage safety system is insulated from the metal chassis.
• Positive and negative high voltage power cables are connected to the high voltage battery and arecontrolled by normally open system main relays (SMR1 and SMR2) . When the vehicle is shut off,
the relays stop electrical flow from leaving the high voltage battery. However, it can take
approximately ten (10) minutes for the high voltage capacitor to fully discharge.
• The high voltage system and high voltage capacitor may remain powered for up to
approximately 10 minutes after the vehicle is shut off. Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) must always be worn when touching or working on high voltage components
to avoid risk of electrical shock and severe personal injury or death.
• The high voltage battery retains high voltage at all times. PPE must always be worn when touching or working on high voltage components to avoid risk of electrical shock and
severe personal injury or death.
• A ground fault monitor continuously monitors for high voltage leakage to the metal chassis while the vehicle is running. If a malfunction is detected, the HPCM (hybrid powertrain control module) will
illuminate the hybrid system warning lamp
in the instrument cluster.
Junction Box Li-ion Battery
System main relay 1
Service Plug (With Fuse)
System main relay 2
Traction Motor Traction
(With built in high
voltage capacitor) DC/DC
(Hybrid Powertrain Control Module)
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• The high voltage battery relays (SMR1 and SMR2) will automatically open to stop the electrical flowin a front, side or certain rear collisions that are sufficient enough to activate the supplemental
restraint system (SRS) .
2-6 High Voltage Circuit Shut-Off System
This vehicle is equipped with a system to shut off the current from the Li-ion battery by the following methods:
Service plug Positioned in the right rear area of the Li-ion battery, this plug shuts off the output of high voltage when manually removed.
System main relays
(located in the high voltagebattery) Controlled by the ignition switch, these relays are powered by the 12V sys-
tem and shut off high voltage from the Li-ion battery.
Emergency shut-off sys-tem In the case of a collision (front and side collisions in which the air bags are
deployed, certain rear collisions) or certain system malfunctions this system
is designed to shut off the high voltage from the Li-ion battery.
2-7 Preventing Electrical Shock 1. If it is necessary to touch any of the high voltage harnesses or components, always wearappropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) [refer to
3-1 Preparation Items (FRG–18)].
Shut off the high voltage system by referring to
3-3.1 High Voltage System Shut-Down
2. To avoid the risk of electrocution, NEVER touch the inside of the Li-ion battery with bare hands after shutting off the high voltage system. The Li-ion battery maintains charge even though the
high voltage system is shut down. PPE must always be worn when touching or working on high
3. Cover damaged high voltage components with insulated tape.
2-8 Emergency Medical Equipment
The high voltage system should not interfere with emergency medical equipment which must be used in or
near the vehicle at an accident scene. FRG–16
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3. Emergency Response Steps
•Failure to properly shut down the high voltage electrical system before the
Emergency Response Procedures are performed will result in serious injury or death
from electrical shock. To prevent serious injury or death, NEVER touch high voltage
harnesses or components without always wearing appropriate Personal Protective
Equipment (PPE) . PPE must always be worn when touching or working on high
If it is necessary to touch any of the high voltage harnesses or components you
must always wear appropriate PPE to avoid electrical shock. PPE must always be worn
when touching or working on high voltage components. Shut down the high voltage
system by following the steps outlined in
3-3.1 High Voltage System Shut-Down
. Wait approximately ten (10) minutes for complete discharge of
the high voltage capacitor after the high voltage system has been shut down.
• NEVER assume the Pathfinder HYBRID is shut OFF simply because it is quiet.
• If the READY
indicator is ON the high voltage system is active.
• If possible, be sure to check the READY
indicator on the instrument cluster and
verify that the READY
indicator is OFF and the high voltage system is stopped.
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3-1 Preparation Items
Preparation Items Specification Purpose
PPE (personal protective equipment):
Up to 1,000V For protection from high voltage electri-
Size:10mm To remove the 12V battery terminal bolt.
Solvent resistant protec-
protection shoes –
To utilize in the event of a Li-ion battery
electrolytic solution leak.
Absorbent pad The same pad used for internal com- bustion engine fluids can be used. To absorb any Li-ion battery electrolytic
Standard fire fightingequipment Standard fire fighting equipment.
Depending on type of fire (vehicle or
battery) use standard fire fighting
equipment (water or extinguisher) . To extinguish a fire.
Insulated tape Insulating To cover any damaged harnesses to
protect from and prevent electrical
shock. Tape should cover all bare or
3-1.1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Protective Wear Control
Perform an inspection of the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) items before beginning work. Do not use
any damaged PPE items.
3-1.2 Daily Inspection
This inspection is performed before and after use. The responder who will be using the items should
perform the inspection and check for deterioration and damage. • Insulated rubber gloves should be inspected for scratches, holes and tears. (Visual check and airleakage test)
• Insulated safety boots should be inspected for holes, damage, nails, metal pieces, wear or other problems on the soles. (Visual check)
• Insulated rubber sheet should be inspected for tears. (Visual check)
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3-1.3 Insulated Tools
When performing work at locations where high voltage is applied (such as terminals) , use insulated tools
meeting 1,000V/300A specifications.
3-2 Vehicle Immobilization and Stabilization
If possible, immobilize the vehicle by turning the 12V system OFF and stabilize it with a wheel chock(s) .
Stabilize the vehicle with cribbing, by removing air from the tires, or utilize the Lift Airbag Equipment forrescue.
•To avoid electrical shock, do not put the Lift Airbag Equipment for rescue and wheel
chock(s) under the high voltage components and harnesses.
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3-3 How to Handle a Damaged Vehicle at an Accident Scene
If any air bags have deployed in the following 3 situations, the high-voltage (HV) system has
been designed to automatically shut off at the time of deployment.
The Nissan Pathfinder HYBRID high-voltage system incorporates capacitors which are energized whenever
the high-voltage system is on. If the high-voltage system is shut down (either through one of the built-in
automatic mechanisms or manually through one of the procedures explained in this FRG) , the capacitors
will begin to gradually discharge.Complete discharge requires approximately 10 minutes after
high-voltage system shut down. It is within this period of time that responders must be most cautious.
When arriving to an incident involving an Nissan Pathfinder HYBRID, the vehicle should be approached with
caution and inspected for the level of damage. In addition to overall vehicle condition (location and severity
of body damage, air bag deployment, etc.) , the high-voltage system should be assessed specifically. The
locations of the high-voltage component parts are illustrated in this FRG. Refer to
2-2 High Voltage-Related
and 12V-Related Component Locations and Descriptions (FRG–12)
. Appropriate personal protective
equipment (PPE) must always be worn when approaching a vehicle of unknown condition, as described in
Situation 1) High voltage system intact, occupants can be accessed without extrication tools
The HV system can be shut down by following the procedure in this guide, while wearing appropriate PPE.
After HV system shut down, occupant assistance can begin immediately, and no wait period is necessary.
Situation 2) High voltage system intact, occupants cannot be accessed without extrication tools
The HV system can be shut down by following the procedure in this guide, while wearing appropriate PPE.
After HV system shut down, absolute care must be taken never to cut through or damage any HV system
wiring, battery or components within approximately ten (10) minutes of HV system shut down ,
but occupant assistance operations using extrication equipment can begin immediately. The locations of the
HV components are illustrated in this guide.
Situation 3) High-voltage (HV) system damaged
If there is any evidence that the HV system has been compromised (such as arcing/sparking, orange wiring
harnesses cut or damaged, HV component casings damaged, etc.) , the responder may still be at risk of
high voltage exposure. The vehicle must be approached with extreme caution prior to initiating any system
shut down procedures or rendering assistance to occupants. Appropriate PPE must always be worn as
described in this guide, and the approximate ten (10) minute wait time must be observed after HV
system shut down in order to ensure the system is de-energized.
In rare situations where vehicle damage is very severe, HV system shut down procedures as described in
this guide may not work. In these instances extreme caution and appropriate risk management must be
followed to prevent shock or electrocution to the responder or occupant.
3-3.1 High Voltage System Shut-Down Procedure
Any of the following procedures can shut down the high voltage system. The first response operation should
only begin after shutting down the high voltage system. If the vehicle is heavily damaged, for example the
Li-ion battery is deformed, broken or cracked, appropriate PPE must always be used and the Li-ion battery
and high voltage components must not be touched. PPE must always be worn when touching or working on
high voltage components. FRG–20