RENAULT ESPACE 2016 5.G Service Manual
Page 41 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: General information (1/2)
Children, and adults, must be correctly
seated and strapped in for all journeys.
The children being carried in your vehi-
cle are your responsibility.
A child is not a miniature adult. Children
are at risk of specific injuries as their
muscles and bones have not yet fin-
ished growing. The seat belt alone
would not provide suitable protection.
Use an approved child seat and ensure
you use it correctly.
A collision at 30 mph
(50 km/h) is the same as fall-
ing a distance of 10 metres.
Transporting a child without
a restraint is the equivalent of allow-
ing him or her to play on a fourth-
floor balcony without railings.
Never travel with a child held in your
arms. In the event of an accident,
you will not be able to keep hold of
the child, even if you yourself are
wearing a seat belt.
If your vehicle has been involved in
a road accident, replace the child
seat and have the seat belts and
ISOFIX anchorage points checked.
To prevent the doors being
opened, use the “Child
safety” device (refer to the
information on “Opening
and closing the doors” in Section 1).
when parking or stopping
Never leave an animal,
child or adult who is not self-suffi-
cient alone on your vehicle, even for
a short time.
They may pose a risk to themselves
or to others by starting the engine,
activating equipment such as the
electric windows or by locking the
Also, in hot and/or sunny weather,
please remember that the tempera-
ture inside the passenger compart-
ment increases very quickly.
RISK OF DEATH OR SERIOUS
Page 42 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: General information (2/2)
Using a child seat
The level of protection offered by the
child seat depends on its ability to re-
strain your child and on its installation.
Incorrect installation compromises the
protection it offers the child in the event
of harsh braking or an impact.
Before purchasing a child seat, check
that it complies with the regulations for
the country you are in and that it can
be fitted in your vehicle. Consult an ap-
proved dealer to find out which seats
are recommended for your vehicle.
Before fitting a child seat, read the
manual and respect its instructions. If
you experience any difficulties during
installation, contact the manufacturer
of the equipment. Keep the instructions
with the seat.Set a good example by always fas-
tening your seat belt and teaching
– to strap themselves in correctly;
– to always get in and out of the car at the kerb, away from busy traf-
Do not use a second-hand child
seat or one without an instruction
Check that there are no objects in
the vicinity of the child seat which
could impede its operation.
Never leave a child unat-
tended in the vehicle.
Check that your child is
always strapped in and that
the belt or safety harness used is
correctly set and adjusted. Avoid
wearing bulky clothing which could
cause the belts to slacken.
Never let your child put their head or
arms out of the window.
Check that the child is in the correct
position for the entire journey, espe-
cially if asleep.
Page 43 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: choosing a child seat
Rear-facing child seats
A baby’s head is, proportionally, heavier
than that of an adult and its neck is very
fragile. Transport the child in this po-
sition for as long as possible (until the
age of 2 at the very least). It supports
both the head and the neck.
Choose a bucket type seat for best side
protection and change it as soon as the
child’s head is higher than the shell.Forward-facing child seats
The child’s head and abdomen need to
be protected as a priority. A forward-fac-
ing child seat which is firmly attached to
the vehicle will reduce the risk of impact
to the head. Ensure your child travels in
a forward-facing seat with a harness for
as long as their size permits.
Choose a bucket type seat for optimum
side protection.Booster cushions
From 15 kg or 4 years, the child can
travel using a booster seat, which will
enable the seat belt to be adapted to
suit his/her size and shape. The boos-
ter seat cushion must be fitted with
guides to position the seat belt on the
child’s thighs rather than the stomach.
It is recommended that you use a seat-
back fitted with a belt strap guide which
can be adjusted in terms of height to
position the seat belt in the centre of the
shoulder. It must never rest on the neck
or on the arm.
Choose a bucket type seat for optimum
Page 44 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: choosing a child seat mounting (1/3)
There are two ways of attaching child
seats: via the seat belt or using the
The seat belt must never
be twisted or the tension
relieved. Never pass the
shoulder strap under the
arm or behind the back.
Check that the seat belt has not
been damaged by sharp edges.
If the seat belt does not operate nor-
mally, it will not protect the child.
Consult an approved dealer. Do not
use this seat until the seat belt has
Do not use the child seat
if it may unfasten the seat
belt restraining it: the base
of the seat must not rest on
the buckle and/or catch of the seat
Attachment via the seat belt
The seat belt must be adjusted to
ensure that it is effective in the event of
harsh braking or an impact.
Ensure that the strap paths indicated
by the child seat manufacturer are re-
Always check that the seat belt is cor-
rectly fastened by pulling it up, then
pulling it out fully whilst pressing on the
Check that the seat is correctly held by
moving it from side to side and back
to front: the seat should remain firmly
Check that the child seat has not been
installed at an angle and that it is not
resting against a window.
Page 45 of 318
Attachment using the ISOFIX
Approved child seats ISOFIX are stand-
ardised in accordance with current reg-
ulations if any of the four cases below
– ISOFIX universal 3-point forward- facing seat;
– ISOFIX semi-universal 2-point seat;
– i-Size Which has:
– either a belt which attaches to the
third ring of the seat concerned;
– or a stay that rests on the vehi-
cle floor, compatible with the ap-
proved seat i-Size, the role of
which is to prevent the child seat
from moving in the event of a col-
In the latter three cases check that your
child seat can be installed by consulting
the list of compatible vehicles.
No modifications may be
made to the component
parts of the restraint system
(ISOFIX seat belts, seats
and their mountings) originally fitted.
Before using an ISOFIX
child seat that you pur-
chased for another vehicle,
check that its installation is
authorised. Consult the list of ve-
hicles which can be fitted with the
seat from the equipment manufac-
CHILD SAFETY: choosing a child seat mounting (2/3)
Attach the child seat with the ISOFIX
locks, if these are provided. The ISOFIX
system allows quick, easy, safe fitting.
The ISOFIX system consists of 2 rings
and, in some cases, a third ring.
Page 46 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: choosing a child seat mounting (3/3)
The third ring 3, 4 or 5 is used to attach
the upper strap on some seats ISOFIX.
The ISOFIX anchorage points have been exclusively designed for child
seats with the ISOFIX system. Never fit a different type of child seat, seat
belt or other objects to these anchorage points. Check that nothing is o\
structing the anchorage points.
If your vehicle has been involved in a road accident, have the ISOFIX an\
points checked and replace your child seat.
Attachment using the ISOFIX
The two rings 1 are located between
the seatback and the seat base of the
seat and are identified by a marking.
To ensure your child seat can be easily
fitted and locked on the rings 1, use
access guides 2 on the child seat. The rings are located on the rear seat-
backs and indicated by the symbol
In all cases, attach the strap hook to
the corresponding ring ( 3 and 5 for the
rear side seats and 4 for the rear centre
seat) and place the seat in the desired
Pull the belt so that the back of the child
seat comes into contact with the back
of the vehicle seat.
The child seat strap must
be attached to the corre-
Do not use any other
Check that the seatback
of the forward-facing child
seat is in contact with the
seatback of the vehicle
seat. In this case, the child seat may
not always rest on the seat base of
the vehicle seat.
Page 47 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: fitting a child seat, general information (1/2)
The types of child seat indicated may
not be available. Before using a differ-
ent child seat, check with the manufac-
turer that it can be fitted.
In the front seat
The laws concerning children travel-
ling in the front passenger seat differ in
every country. Consult the legislation in
force and follow the indications on the
diagram on the following page.
Before fitting a child seat in this seat (if
– lower the seat belt as far as possible;
– move the seat as far back as possi-ble;
– gently tilt the seatback away from vertical (approximately 25°);
– on equipped vehicles, raise the seat base as far as possible.
In all situations, reinsert the headrest to
its full extent so that it does not interfere
with the child seat (see the information
on “Front headrests” in Section 1);
Some seats are not suitable for fitting
child seats. The diagram on the follow-
ing page shows you how to attach a
Fit the child seat in a rear
seat wherever possible.
Make sure that the child
seat or the child’s feet do
not prevent the front seat from lock-
ing correctly. Refer to the informa-
tion on the “Front seat” in Section 1.
Check that when installing the child
seat in the vehicle it is not at risk of
coming loose from its base.
If you have to remove the headrest,
check that it is correctly stored so
that it does not come loose under
harsh braking or impact.
Always attach the child seat to the
vehicle even if it is not in use so that
it does not come loose under harsh
braking or impact.
RISK OF DEATH OR
SERIOUS INJURY: before
fitting a rear-facing child
seat to this seat, check
that the air bag has been deacti-
vated (refer to the information on
“Child safety: deactivating/activat-
ing the front passenger air bag” in
After installing the child seat, if neces-
sary, the seat may be advanced (so as
to leave enough space in the rear seats
for passengers or other child seats).
For a rear-facing child seat, do not let
it touch the dashboard or move it to the
furthest forward position.
Do not change other settings after in-
stalling the child seat.
Page 48 of 318
CHILD SAFETY: fitting a child seat, general information (2/2)
In the rear seat
A carrycot can be installed across the
vehicle and will take up at least two
seats. Position the child with his or her
feet nearest the door.
Move the front seat as far forward as
possible to install a rear-facing child
seat, then move back the seat in front
as far as it will go, although without al-
lowing it to come into contact with the
For the safety of the child in the for-
– move the relevant seat backwards as far as possible;
– move the seat in front of the child forwards, and set the position of the
seatback to avoid contact between
the seat and the child’s legs.
Always remove the headrest from the
rear seat used for the child seat (see
“Rear headrests” in Section 3). If nec-
essary, position the vehicle seat as far
back as possible. This must be done
before fitting the child seat.
Check that the child seat is resting
against the back of the vehicle seat.
Ensure that the child seat
or the child’s feet do not
prevent the front seat from
locking correctly. Refer to
the information on the “Front seat”
in Section 1 or “Rear seat operation”
in Section 3.
The floor of your vehicle
has storage spaces. Before
installing a child seat with
a floor support, ensure that
this seat can be correctly installed
by consulting the list of compatible
vehicles supplied with the child seat.
Risk of serious injury in the event of
sudden braking or accident.
When fitting a child seat
(Group 2 or 3 booster seat),
check that the seat belts op-
erate (wind) correctly: refer
to Section 1 “Rear seat belts”. If
necessary, adjust the position of the
For 7-seater vehicles, a
child seat with a stay should
never be installed on the
third row rear seats.
For 7-seater vehicles, the second row
rear seats must be pushed forward
before a child is seated in the third row
Page 49 of 318
CHILD SEATS: attachment by seat belt (1/6)
Visual installation of the five-seater version
RISK OF DEATH OR
SERIOUS INJURY: Before
installing a child seat on the
front passenger seat, check
that the airbag has been deacti-
vated (please refer to “Child safety:
front passenger airbag deactivation
and activation” in Section 1).
Using a child safety system
which is not approved for
this vehicle will not correctly
protect the baby or child.
They risk serious or even fatal injury.
³ Check the status of the airbag
before fitting a child seat or allowing a
passenger to use the seat.
²Seat not suitable for fitting
Child seat attached using the belt
¬ Seat which allows a child seat
with “Universal” approval to be attached
by a seat belt.
Page 50 of 318
CHILD SEATS: attachment by seat belt (2/6)
Type of child seat Weight of the child Front passenger
seat (1) Rear side seats Rear centre seat
across the vehicle
Group 0 < 10 kg X U (2) X
Groups 0 or 0 + < 10 kg and < 13 kg U (5) U (3) U (3)
Groups 0+ and 1 < 13 kg and 9 to 18 kg U (5) U (3) U (3)
Group 1 9 to 18 kg X U (3) (4) U (3) (4)
Groups 2 and 3 15 to 25 kg and 22 to
X U (3) (4) U (3) (4)
(1) RISK OF DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY: Before installing a child seat on the front passenger seat, check that \
the airbag has been deactivated (please refer to “Child safety: fron\
t passenger airbag deactivation and activation” in
The table below summarises the information already shown on the diagram \
on the previous page, to ensure the applica-
ble regulations are respected.