AUDI S5 2008 8T / 1.G Owners Manual
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Releasing the tank flap manually
The tank flap can be released manually if the central
locking system should fail to operate.The manual release mechanism is located behind the side
trim on the right of the luggage compartment.
– Open the right-hand side trim.
– Release the ring from its holder and pull the ring
⇒fig. 209. You should now be able to open the tank flap
in the usual way ⇒page 217.
Fig. 209 Luggage
Releasing the fuel tank
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Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine Checking and topping up fluids 220Checking and topping up fluidsBonnetReleasing the bonnet
The bonnet is released from inside the vehicle.– Open the driver's door.
– Pull the lever under the dashboard in the direction indi-
cated (arrow) ⇒fig. 210.The bonnet springs out of its lock.
Opening the bonnetBefore opening the bonnet make sure that the windscreen
wiper arms are not lifted away from the glass. Otherwise the
paint may get damaged.
– Lift the bonnet slightly ⇒.
– Press the release catch under the bonnet upwards
⇒fig. 211. This will release the arrester hook.
– Open the bonnet.The bonnet is held open by two gas-filled struts.
To avoid the risk of being scalded, never open the bonnet if you see
steam or coolant escaping from the engine compartment. Wait
until no steam or coolant can be seen before opening the bonnet.
Fig. 210 Detail of foot-
well on driver's side:
Fig. 211 Release catch
under the bonnet
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Working on components in the engine compartment
Extra caution is necessary when working on components
in the engine compartment.Always be aware of the danger of injury and scalding as well as the
risk of accident or fire when working in the engine compartment
(e.g. when checking and refilling fluids). Always observe the warn-
ings listed below and follow all normal safety precautions. The
engine compartment of any motor vehicle is a potentially
hazardous area. ⇒.
Switch off the engine.
Remove the ignition key.
Apply the parking brake.
Move the gear lever into neutral.
Wait for the engine to cool down.
Keep children away from engine compartment.
Never spill fluids on hot engine components. These fluids can
cause a fire (e.g. radiator anti-freeze).
Take care not to cause short circuits in the electrical system,
especially when working on the battery.
Do not touch the radiator fan when the engine is hot. The fan
may start running suddenly.
Do not unscrew the cap on the expansion tank when the engine
is hot. The cooling system is under pressure.
Protect face, hands and arms by covering the cap with a large,
thick rag to protect against escaping coolant and steam.
If any tests have to be performed with the engine running,
there is an extra safety risk from the rotating parts, such as the
drive belts, alternator and radiator fan, etc., and from the high-
voltage ignition system.
Observe the following additional warnings if work on the fuel
system or the electrical system is necessary:
−Always disconnect the battery.
−Do not smoke.
−Never work near naked flames.
−Always keep an approved fire extinguisher immediately
When topping up fluids make sure the correct fluid is put into the
correct filler opening. This can otherwise cause serious malfunc-
tions or engine damage.
For the sake of the environment
Inspect the ground underneath your vehicle regularly so that any
leaks are detected at an early stage. If you find oil spots or other
fluids, have your vehicle inspected by a qualified workshop.
On right-hand drive vehicles* some of the containers/ reservoirs
mentioned below are located on the other side of the engine
compartment.Closing the bonnet– To close the bonnet, pull it down to overcome the spring
– Then let it drop into the catches; do not press down ⇒.
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For safety reasons the bonnet must always be completely
closed when the vehicle is moving. After closing it always check
that it is properly secured. The bonnet must be flush with the adja-
cent body panels.
Should you notice that the bonnet is not safely secured when
the vehicle is moving, stop the vehicle immediately and close the
bonnet properly, otherwise it could cause an accident.
Engine compartment layoutEngine compartment layout
Main components for checking and refillingFig. 212 Locations of fluid containers, engine oil dipstick and engine oil filler
Jump-start terminal (+) under a cover . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake fluid reservoir (
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil filler cap (
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil dipstick (orange) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator expansion tank () . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windscreen washer container (
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump-start terminal (-) with hexagon head . . . . . . . . .
Hydraulic fluid reservoir for power steering . . . . . . . .
Engine oilGeneral notesWe recommend that you have the oil change carried out by an Audi
dealership/qualified workshop according to the intervals stated in
the Service Schedule or according to the service interval display in
the instrument cluster.
Whether your vehicle is serviced at flexible service intervals or fixed
service intervals is shown in the Service Schedule.
The correct oil specifications for your engine are listed in the Tech-
nical data section ⇒page 281, “Performance, weights and dimen-
Check that the specifications quoted (VW standards) appear on the
container either singly or in combination with other specifications.
Flexible service intervals (Audi LongLife Service*)
Special engine oils ⇒page 281, “Performance, weights and dimen-
sions” have been developed as part of the Audi LongLife Service
This type of oil must be used if you intend to take advantage of the
extended maintenance intervals allowed by Audi's LongLife Service.A1
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Do not mix the LongLife oil with oil intended for fixed service
intervals, as the requirements for the extended service intervals are
then no longer guaranteed.
In exceptional circumstances, if the engine oil level is too low
⇒page 223 and you cannot obtain the specified LongLife oil, you
can put in a small quantity of oil for fixed service intervals -
⇒page 281, “Performance, weights and dimensions”. This should
not be done more than once and no more than 0.5 litres should be
Fixed service intervals (Inspection Service)*
If you do not take advantage of the Audi LongLife service for your
car, you can use the oils for fixed service intervals - ⇒page 281,
“Performance, weights and dimensions”. In this case, your car must
be serviced after a fixed interval of 1 year / 15,000 km (10,000 miles)
– see Service Schedule.
In exceptional circumstances, if the engine oil level is too low
⇒page 223 and you cannot obtain the oil specified for your vehicle,
you can put in a small quantity of oil conforming to the specification
ACEA A2 or ACEA A3. This should not be done more than once and
no more than 0.5 litres should be used.
Checking the oil level
Checking oil level
– Park your vehicle on a level surface.
– Allow the warm engine to run briefly at idling speed and
then switch off the ignition.
– Wait approx. 2 minutes.
– Pull out the dipstick. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth
and insert it again, pushing it in as far as it will go.
– Then pull the dipstick out again and check the oil level
⇒fig. 213. If the oil level is too low, add more engine oil
Oil level in area
–Do not top up oil.
Oil level in area
–Oil can be topped up. After topping up the oil level should
be in area .
Oil level in area
–Oil must be topped up. After topping up the oil level
should be in area .Depending on how you drive and the conditions in which the car is
used, oil consumption can be up to 0.5 ltr./1000 km. Oil consump-
tion is likely to be higher for the first 5000 km. For this reason the
engine oil level must be checked at regular intervals, preferably
when filling the tank and before a journey.
Fig. 213 Markings on
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Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine Checking and topping up fluids 224Topping up the engine oil
from oil filler opening ⇒fig. 214.
– Carefully put in the specified grade of oil ⇒page 281
0.5 litres at a time.
– After two minutes check the oil level once again
– If the oil level is too low, add more engine oil.
– Replace the oil filler cap carefully and push the dipstick
all the way in.
Ensure that no oil comes into contact with hot engine compo-
nents when topping up: this could cause a fire.
Wash your skin thoroughly if it comes into contact with engine
The oil level must never be above area , as this may result in
damage to the catalytic converter or to the engine. Contact a quali-
fied workshop to extract the engine oil if necessary.
No additives should be used with engine oil. Any damage caused
by the use of such additives would not be covered by the factory
warranty.For the sake of the environment
Never pour oil down drains or into the ground.
Always observe statutory requirements when disposing of
empty oil canisters.
The purpose of the coolant is to carry heat away from the
engine. The correct amount of anti-freeze is important to
prevent the cooling system from freezing in winter.The cooling system is filled for life at the factory, so the coolant does
not need to be changed. The coolant consists of a mixture of water
and anti-freeze additive G12+. This is a glycol-based anti-freeze with
The amount of anti-freeze additive required depends on the temper-
atures to be expected in the winter season. If the anti-freeze concen-
tration is too low the coolant can freeze, resulting in failure of the
cooling system and heater.
The cooling system is filled at the factory with the correct amount of
anti-freeze for the country concerned.
In most cases the mixture consists of 60% water and 40% additive.
This mixture gives the necessary antifreeze protection down to –
25 °C and protects the alloy parts of the cooling system against
corrosion. It also prevents scaling and raises the boiling point of the
Fig. 214 Engine
oil filler cap
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Technical data Countries with warm climate
The coolant concentration must not be reduced by adding plain
water, even in the summer or in warm climates. The concentration
of the anti-freeze additive must always be at least 40%.
Countries with cold climate
If greater anti-freeze protection is required in very cold climates, the
proportion of the anti-freeze additive G12+ can be increased. A
concentration of 60% offers protection down to about -40 °C. The
concentration of the antifreeze additive must not be more than 60%,
otherwise this would reduce the antifreeze protection. In addition,
the cooling effect will be adversely affected.
Vehicles for export to countries with a cold climate (such as Sweden,
Norway and Finland) are supplied with antifreeze protection down
to about -35 °C. The concentration of the antifreeze additive for
these countries should always be at least 50%.
It is advisable to have the cooling system checked before the
winter season to make sure that the antifreeze concentration is
adequate for the conditions to be expected. This applies particularly
if you intend to take the car into a colder climate zone. If necessary,
have the anti-freeze concentration increased to 50 - 60% as required.
Use only anti-freeze additive G12+, an additive meeting the spec-
ification “TL-VW 774 F ”. Other additives may give considerably infe-
rior corrosion protection. The resulting corrosion in the cooling
system can lead to a loss of coolant, causing serious damage to the
The coolant additive G12+ can be mixed only with additives G11
Checking coolant level
The coolant level can be checked at a glance.– Switch off the ignition.
– Read off coolant level on radiator expansion tank
⇒fig. 215. When the engine is cold it should be between
the “MIN” and “MAX” marks. When the engine is hot it
may be slightly above the “MAX” mark.The coolant level should be checked with the engine switched off.
The coolant level is monitored by a warning lamp in the instrument
cluster ⇒page 32. However, we recommend that it should be
Any loss of coolant normally indicates a leak in the cooling system.
In this case the cooling system should be inspected by a qualified
workshop without delay. It is not sufficient merely to top up the
If there are no leaks in the system, a loss of coolant can only occur
if the coolant boils and is forced out of the system as a result of
Fig. 215 Engine
ings on radiator expan-
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CautionRadiator sealants must not be added to the coolant. Such additives
could seriously impair the function of the cooling system.Topping up the coolant
Be careful when topping up coolant.– Switch off the engine.
– Wait for the engine to cool down.
– Cover the cap on the expansion tank ⇒page 225, fig. 215
with a cloth, and carefully unscrew the cap anti-clock-
– Add coolant.
– Screw the cap on again tightly.Make sure that the coolant meets the required specifications
⇒page 224, “Coolant”. Do not use a different type of additive if anti-
freeze additive G12+, G12 or G11 is not available. In this case use
only water and bring the coolant concentration back up to the
correct level as soon as possible by putting in the specified additive.
Always top up with fresh, unused coolant.
Do not fill above the “MAX” mark. Excess coolant is forced out of the
system through the valve in the filler cap when the engine gets hot.
If a lot of coolant has been lost, wait for the engine to cool down
before putting in cold coolant. Failure to do so could result in
serious engine damage.
The cooling system is under pressure. Do not unscrew the cap
on the expansion tank when the engine is hot: you could be
scalded by escaping steam
The coolant and coolant additive can be a health hazard. Store
the coolant additive in the original container in a safe place out of
reach of children – risk of poisoning.For the sake of the environment
Drained off coolant should not be used again. Drain off the used
coolant into a suitable container and dispose of it in the proper
manner (observe environmental regulations).Radiator fan
The radiator fan can start running spontaneously.The radiator fan is driven by the engine via a poly V-belt. The speed
of the fan is varied by a viscous clutch according to the temperature.
There is also an auxiliary electric fan, which cuts in automatically
whenever the temperature of the coolant and the engine compart-
ment rises above a certain level.
The auxiliary fan can continue to run for as long as 10 minutes after
stopping the engine – even after the ignition is switched off. It may
also start running suddenly ⇒ after a while if•
residual heat raises the coolant temperature, or
the hot engine compartment is additionally heated up by the
When working in the engine compartment be aware that the radi-
ator fan may start running suddenly – risk of injury.
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Brake fluidChecking brake fluid level
The brake fluid level can be checked at a glance.– Check the fluid level on the brake fluid reservoir
⇒fig. 216. It should always be between the “MIN” and
“MAX” marks.In right-hand drive vehicles the brake fluid reservoir is on the other
side of the engine compartment.
The fluid level may drop slightly after a period of time due to the
automatic compensation for brake pad wear. This is quite normal.
However, if the level goes down noticeably in a short time, or drops
below the “MIN” mark, there may be a leak in the brake system. If
the fluid level in the reservoir is too low, this will be indicated by the
brake warning lamp ⇒page 31. If this should happen, take the car
to a qualified workshop immediately and have the brake system
Changing brake fluid
When required, the brake fluid should be changed by a
competent mechanic with the proper equipment.Brake fluid gradually absorbs moisture from the atmosphere. If the
water content in the brake fluid is too high, this may cause corrosion
in the brake system over time. In addition, the boiling point of the
brake fluid will be considerably reduced. This could adversely affect
the braking ability in certain circumstances.
For this reason the brake fluid must be changed periodically.
Your vehicle's Service Schedule will tell you when the brake fluid has
to be changed.
It is advisable to have the brake fluid changed as part of a regular
Inspection Service at your Audi workshop. They are familiar with the
procedure and have the necessary special tools and spare parts as
well as the proper facilities for disposing of the old fluid.
Use only the genuine brake fluid specified by the factory Qualified
workshops know that the brake fluid “DOT 4” is approved by Audi.
The brake fluid must be fresh and unused.
Brake fluid is poisonous; store it in the sealed original container
in a safe place out of reach of children.
Heavy use of the brakes may cause a vapour lock if the brake
fluid is left in the system for too long. This would seriously affect
the efficiency of the brakes and the safety of the car – risk of acci-
Please note that brake fluid will attack the paintwork on contact.
Fig. 216 Engine
ings on brake fluid
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For the sake of the environmentIf the fluid has to be drained out of the brake system, use an appro-
priate container to catch the used brake fluid and dispose of it in the
proper manner.BatteryGeneral notes
All work on batteries requires specialist knowledge.The battery is virtually maintenance-free. It is checked as part of the
We recommend that you replace a battery once it is older than 5
When an airbag is triggered, the battery will, under certain circum-
stances, be disconnected from the on-board power supply for
safety reasons ⇒ in “General notes on airbag system” on
Disconnecting the battery
If the battery is disconnected, some of the vehicle's functions will
become inoperative (e.g. electric windows). These functions will
require resetting after the battery is reconnected. For this reason,
the battery should only be disconnected from the vehicle's electrical
system when absolutely necessary.
If the vehicle is not used for long periods
If you do not drive your vehicle for a period of several days or weeks,
the power management will gradually shut off the on-board
systems one by one, or reduce the amount of current they are using.
This limits the amount of power consumed and helps to ensure reli-
able starting even after a long period ⇒page 192.Please note that certain convenience features, such as the Audi
advanced key*, the remote control key or the electrical seat adjust-
ment may not be available when you unlock the vehicle. These func-
tions will be restored when you switch on the ignition and start the
At low temperatures the battery has to work very hard. It also
provides only a fraction of the starting power it has at normal
For this reason, we recommend having the battery checked and
charged if necessary before the start of winter ⇒page 230.
All work on batteries requires specialist knowledge. For queries
regarding the vehicle battery please contact an Audi dealership or
other qualified workshop (risk of chemical burns / risk of explo-
The battery must not be opened. Do not attempt to make any
changes to the electrolyte level of the battery. Otherwise, there is
a risk that a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen gas can accumulate
and cause an explosion.Note
If the vehicle is to be left standing for a period of several weeks at
extremely low temperatures, the battery should be removed from
the vehicle. This ensures that it cannot “freeze up” and be
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