engine coolant KIA Rio 2016 3.G Owner's Manual
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Your vehicle at a glance
* The actual engine compartment in the vehicle may differ from the illustration.1. Engine Coolant Reservoir ................7-36
2. Engine Oil Filler Cap ........................7-34
3. Brake/Clutch Fluid Reservoir ...........7-39
4. Air Cleaner .......................................7-41
5. Fuse Box ..........................................7-62
6. Negative Battery Terminal ................7-45
7. Positive Battery Terminal ..................7-45
8. Radiator Cap ....................................7-37
9. Engine Oil Dipstick ...........................7-34
10. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir..
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Features of your vehicle
2. Turn signal indicators
4. Fuel gauge
5. Engine coolant temperature gauge
6. Warning and indicator lights
7. Shift position indicator (A/T) or Manual transaxle shift indicator (M/T)
8. Odometer/Trip computer
❈ The actual cluster in the vehicle may differ
from the illustration.
For more details refer to the "Gauges" in
the next pages.
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Features of your vehicle
Engine coolant temperature gauge(for supervisim cluster)
This gauge shows the temperature of the
engine coolant when the ignition switch
Do not continue driving with an overheat-
ed engine. If your vehicle overheats, refer
to “If the engine overheats” in section 6.
If the gauge pointer moves beyond the
normal range area toward the “H” posi-
tion, it indicates overheating that may
damage the engine.
The fuel gauge indicates the approxi-
mate amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank. The fuel tank capacity is given in
section 8. The fuel gauge is supplement-
ed by a low fuel warning light, which will
illuminate when the fuel tank is nearly
On inclines or curves, the fuel gauge
pointer may fluctuate or the low fuel
warning light may come on earlier than
usual due to the movement of fuel in the
CAUTION - Red zone
Do not operate the engine withinthe tachometer's RED ZONE. Thismay cause severe engine damage.
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Driving your vehicle
Before entering vehicle
• Be sure that all windows, outside mir-ror(s), and outside lights are clean.
Check the condition of the tires.
Check under the vehicle for any sign of leaks.
Be sure there are no obstacles behind you if you intend to back up.
Fluid levels, such as engine oil, engine
coolant, brake fluid, and washer fluid
should be checked on a regular basis,
with the exact interval depending on the
fluid. Further details are provided in
Section 7, “Maintenance”.
Close and lock all doors.
Position the seat so that all controls are
Buckle your seat belt.
Adjust the inside and outside rearview mirrors.
Be sure that all lights work.
Check all gauges.
Check the operation of warning lights when the ignition switch is turned to
the ON position.
Release the parking brake and make sure the brake warning light goes out.
For safe operation, be sure you are famil-
iar with your vehicle and its equipment.
WARNING - Distracted driving
Focus on the road while driving.
The driver's primary responsibility
is in the safe and legal operation of
the vehicle. Use of any handled
devices, other equipment or vehicle
systems that distract the drive
should not be used during vehicle
- Check surrounding
Always check the surrounding areas
near your vehicle for people, espe-
cially children, before putting a vehi-
cle into D (Drive) or R (Reverse).
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Driving your vehicle
- Engine is turned off by Auto Stop for along time.
- If you unfasten the sea belt or open the driver's door while depressing the brake
- When a certain amount of time has passed with the climate control system
The green AUTO STOP indicator ( )
on the instrument cluster will go out after
blinking for 5 seconds and the notice will
illuminate on the LCD display (for type B
cluster)Condition of ISG system opera-
The ISG system will operate under the following condition:
- The driver’s seat belt is fastened.
- The driver’s door and hood are closed.
- The brake vaccum pressure is ade- quate.
- The battery is sufficiently charged.
- The outside temperature is more than 28.4°F (-2°C).
- The outside temperature is under 89.6°F (32°C).
- The engine coolant temperature is not low.
- The vehicle is on a flat road surface.
If the ISG system does not meet thatoperation condition, the ISG system is
deactivated. The light on the ISG OFF
button will illuminate.
If the light comes on continuously, please check the operation condition.
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Driving your vehicle
ACTIVE ECO SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
Active ECO operation
Active ECO helps improve fuel efficiency
by controlling the engine and transaxle.
But fuel-efficiency can be changed by the
driver's driving habits and road condi-
When the Active ECO button ispressed the ECO indicator (green) will
illuminate to show that the Active ECO
When the Active ECO is activated, it does not turn off even though the
engine is restarted again. To turn off
the system, press the active ECO but-
If Active ECO is turned off, it will return to the normal mode.
Limitation of Active ECO operation:
If the following conditions occur while
Active ECO is operating, the system
operation is limited even though there is
no change in the ECO indicator.
When the coolant temperature is low:
The system will be limited until engine
performance becomes normal.
When driving up a hill: The system will be limited to gain
power when driving uphill because the
engine torque is restricted.
When using sports mode: The system will be limited according to
the shift location.
When the accelerator pedal is deeply pressed for a few seconds:
The system will be limited, Judging
that the driver wants to speed up.
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Driving your vehicle
Drive carefully off-road because your
vehicle may be damaged by rocks of
roots of trees. Become familiar with the
off-road conditions where you are going
to drive before you begin driving.
Adjust the tire inflation pressures to
specification. Low tire inflation pressures
will result in overheating and possible
failure of the tires.
Avoid using worn or damaged tires which
may result in reduced traction or tire fail-
Never exceed the maximum tire inflation
pressure shown on the tires.
Fuel, engine coolant and engine oil
High speed travel consumes more fuel
than urban motoring. Do not forget to
check both the engine coolant and
A loose or damaged drive belt may over-
heat the engine.
WARNING - Under/overinflated tires
Always check the tires for proper
inflation before driving.
Underinflated or overinflated tires
can cause poor handling, loss of
vehicle control, and sudden tire fail-
ure leading to accidents, injuries,
and even death. For proper tire
pressures, refer to “Tires and
wheels” in section 8.
WARNING - Tire tread
Always check the tire tread before
driving your vehicle. Worn-out tires
can result in loss of vehicle control.
Worn-out tires should be replaced
as soon as possible. For further
information and tread limits, refer
to "Tires and wheels" in section 7.
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Driving your vehicle
Use high quality ethylene glycol
Your vehicle is delivered with high quality
ethylene glycol coolant in the cooling
system. It is the only type of coolant that
should be used because it helps prevent
corrosion in the cooling system, lubri-
cates the water pump and prevents
freezing. Be sure to replace or replenish
your coolant in accordance with the
maintenance schedule in section 7.
Before winter, have your coolant tested to
assure that its freezing point is sufficient
for the temperatures anticipated during
Check battery and cables
Winter puts additional burdens on the
battery system. Visually inspect the bat-
tery and cables as described in section
7. The level of charge in your battery can
be checked by an authorized Kia dealer
or a service station.
Change to "winter weight" oil if
In some climates it is recommended that
a lower viscosity "winter weight" oil be
used during cold weather. See section 8
for recommendations. If you aren't sure
what weight oil you should use, consult
an authorized Kia dealer.
Check spark plugs and ignition
Inspect your spark plugs as described in
section 7 and replace them if necessary.
Also check all ignition wiring and compo-
nents to be sure they are not cracked,
worn or damaged in any way.
To keep locks from freezing
To keep the locks from freezing, squirt an
approved de-icer fluid or glycerine into
the key opening. If a lock is covered with
ice, squirt it with an approved de-icing
fluid to remove the ice. If the lock is
frozen internally, you may be able to thaw
it out by using a heated key. Handle the
heated key with care to avoid injury.
Use approved window washer
anti-freeze in system
To keep the water in the window washer
system from freezing, add an approved
window washer anti-freeze solution in
accordance with instructions on the con-
tainer. Window washer anti-freeze is
available from an authorized Kia dealer
and most auto parts outlets. Do not use
engine coolant or other types of anti-
freeze as these may damage the paint
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What to do in an emergency
IF THE ENGINE OVERHEATS
If your temperature gauge indicates over-
heating, you will experience a loss of
power, or hear loud pinging or knocking,
the engine is probably too hot. If this hap-
pens, you should:
1. Pull off the road and stop as soon as itis safe to do so.
2. Place the shift lever in P (automatic transaxle) or neutral (manual
transaxle) and set the parking brake. If
the air conditioning is on, turn it off.
3. If engine coolant is running out under the vehicle or steam is coming out
from underneath the hood, stop the
engine. Do not open the hood until the
coolant has stopped running or the
steaming has stopped. If there is no
visible loss of engine coolant and no
steam, leave the engine running and
check to be sure the engine cooling
fan is operating. If the fan is not run-
ning, turn the engine off.
4. Check to see if the water pump drive belt is missing. If it is not missing,
check to see that it is tight. If the drive
belt seems to be satisfactory, check for
coolant leaking from the radiator,
hoses or under the vehicle. (If the air
conditioning had been in use, it is nor-
mal for cold water to be draining from
it when you stop). 5. If the water pump drive belt is broken or
engine coolant leaks, stop the engine
immediately and call the nearest
authorized Kia dealer for assistance. 6. If you cannot find the cause of the
overheating, wait until the engine tem-
perature has returned to normal. Then,
if coolant has been lost, carefully add
coolant to the reservoir to bring the
fluid level in the reservoir up to the
7. Proceed with caution, keeping alert for further signs of overheating. If over-
heating happens again, call an author-
ized Kia dealer for assistance.
Serious loss of coolant indicates there is
a leak in the cooling system and this
should be checked as soon as possible
by an authorized Kia dealer.
WARNING - Under the hood
While the engine is running, keep
hair, hands and clothing away from
moving parts such as the fan and
WARNING - Radiator cap
Do not remove the radiator cap
when the engine is hot. This can
allow coolant to be blown out of the
opening and cause serious burns.
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Engine compartment / 7-2
Maintenance services / 7-3
Owner maintenance / 7-5
Scheduled maintenance service / 7-7
Explanation of scheduled maintenance items / 7-31
Engine oil / 7-34
Engine coolant / 7-36
Brake/clutch fluid / 7-39
Automatic transaxle fluid / 7-40
Washer fluid / 7-40
Parking brake / 7-41
Air cleaner / 7-41
Climate control air filter / 7-42
Wiper blades / 7-42
Battery / 7-45
Tires and wheels / 7-48
Fuses / 7-61
Light bulbs / 7-73
Appearance care / 7-86
Emission control system / 7-92