NISSAN TITAN 2016 2.G Owners Manual
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7 Vehicle Care
Cleaning the engine ............................7-2 Cleaning the exhaust
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In order to maintain the proper operation of a
diesel engine, it is important to take proper care
of it, which includes cleaning as indicated.
CLEANING THE ENGINE
Engines are more efficient when they are clean
because grease and dirt buildup keep the engine
warmer than normal.
When washing:● Take care when using a power washer to
clean the engine. The high-pressure fluid
could penetrate the sealed parts and cause
● Do not spray a hot engine with cold water to
avoid cracking the engine block or other
● Spray an engine shampoo and/or degreaser
on all parts that require cleaning and pres-
sure rinse clean.
● Never wash or rinse the engine while it is hot
or running; water in the running engine may
cause internal damage.
● Never wash or rinse any control box electri-
● Cover the battery, power distribution box,
and air filter assembly to prevent water dam-
age when cleaning the engine.
CLEANING THE EXHAUST
The visible holesAin the exhaust system are
functional. The holes need to be kept clear of
mud/debris or foreign material to maintain proper
function of the exhaust system. Clean and re-
move debris or foreign material if present as
needed. Spraying with a hose during regular
washing of vehicle should help keep holes clean
and clear of debris or foreign material.
● Failure to maintain the functional holes
in the exhaust system clean and free of
debris or foreign material may result in
the holes becoming blocked or
plugged. Do not modify or remove sec-
tions of the exhaust system that contain
these holes. Blocked or plugged holes
or removal/modification of the system
could result in elevated exhaust gases
or exhaust gas temperatures which may
result in vehicle damage, personal in-
jury or death.
● The normal operating temperature of
the exhaust system is very high. Never
work around or attempt to repair any
part of the exhaust system until it has
cooled. Use special care when working
around the diesel oxidation catalytic
converter and/or the diesel particulate
filter (DPF) . The diesel oxidation cata-
lytic converter and/or the DPF heats up
to a high temperature after only a short
period of engine operation and can stay
hot even after the engine is turned off.
Failure to follow these instructions may
result in personal injury.
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●When cleaning blocked or plugged
holes in the exhaust system, care
should be taken to minimize the quan-
tity of water entering the exhaust sys-
tem. Excessive water that enters the
exhaust system could cause damage re-
quiring exhaust system to be replaced.
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8 Capacities and Specifications
Recommended fluids/lubricants and capacities.......8-2
Fuel recommendation ...........................8-3
Engine oil and oil filter recommendations ..........8-5
Specifications .....................................8-7 Engine
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) test
(diesel engine only) ................................8-8
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The following are approximate capacities. The actual refill capacities may be slightly different. When refilling, follow the procedure
described in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section to determine the proper refill capacity.
Fluid typesCapacity (Approximate)Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
US measure Imp measure Liter
Fuel (Diesel) 26 gal 21-5/8 gal 98.4 L• For additional information, refer to “Fuel recommenda-
tion” in this section of this manual.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) 4-1/2 gal3-3/4 gal 17 L • Genuine NISSAN diesel exhaust fluid (DEF)
• For additional information, refer to “Diesel exhaust fluid
(DEF) storage” and “Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) disposal” in
this section of this manual.
Drain and refill Cummins 5.0 LWith oil filter change 10 qt
8-3/8 qt 9.5 L• Engine oil with API Certification Mark, Viscosity SAE
10W-30 (CES 20081) and American Petroleum Institute
(API) certification (API CJ-4, Low Ash Oil) .
• Diesel engine oil Specification (Cold Climate)
- 5W-40 oil that meets API Certification Mark (CES
20081) and American Petroleum Institute (API) certifica-
tion (API CJ-4, Low Ash Oil) is acceptable for colder
• For additional information, refer to “Engine oil and oil filter
recommendations” in this section of this manual”.
• Gasoline engine oil and diesel engine oil are not
Without oil filter change 9-5/8 qt
8 qt9.1 L
Engine coolant With reservoir4-3/8 gal 3-5/8 gal 16.5 L • Pre-diluted Genuine NISSAN Long Life Antifreeze/
Coolant (blue) or equivalent
•Coolant must be nitrite free
• The use of other types of coolant solutions other than
Genuine NISSAN Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant (blue) or
equivalent may cause severe engine damage.
LUBRICANTS AND CAPACITIES
8-2Capacities and Specifications
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Commercially available diesel fuel is adjusted
seasonally for cold temperatures. NISSAN rec-
ommends the use of diesel fuel that has been
seasonally adjusted for temperatures below 32°F
Diesel fuel of above 42 cetane minimum above
32°F (0°C); 45 cetane minimum below 32°F
(0°C) and with less than 15 ppm of sulfur must be
A cetane number below 42 can cause poor start-
ing, excessive white smoke, and poor idling. A
cetane number above 55 can increase smoke at
peak torque conditions.
If two types of diesel fuel are available, use sum-
mer or winter fuel properly according to the fol-
lowing temperature conditions.● Above 32°F (0°C)...Summer type diesel
● Below 32°F (0°C)...Winter type diesel fuel.
If you are in any doubt, it is recommended that
you consult a NISSAN dealer.
● Do not use home heating oil, petroleum,
biodiesel (more than 10%) or other al-
ternate fuels in your diesel engine. The
use of those can cause engine damage.
● Do not use summer fuel at tempera-
tures below 20°F (- 7°C) . The cold tem-
peratures will cause wax to form in the
fuel. As a result, it may prevent the en-
gine from running smoothly.
B10 fuel is a mixture of approximately 10% bio-
diesel and 90% petroleum diesel. Your vehicle
was designed to run on blends of biodiesel up to
B10 (B1-B10) . Operating your vehicle on higher
blends is not recommended. Your vehicle’s en-
gine, exhaust catalyst filter and particulate filter,
and fuel system components may be damaged if
any of these blends are used.
U.S. government regulations require that bio-
diesel blends between B6 and B10 are identified
at fuel dispensing pumps by a label with the
common abbreviation or the appropriate per-
centage for that region. B6 --B10 blends must
meet prescribed quality standards specified by
B10 fuel storage
Biodiesel degrades more quickly than pure
petroleum-based diesel. When storing a vehicle
that runs on a biodiesel blend, it is important to
keep the following in mind:
● If storing a vehicle for longer than one month,
empty the fuel tank of biodiesel.
● To prepare a vehicle to run after prolonged
storage, fill the fuel tank with a pure
petroleum-based diesel fuel and run your
vehicle for at least half an hour.
● Fuel system seals, plastics and steel parts
can be damaged by degraded or oxidized
During cold weather, biodiesel fuel may need to
be stored in a heated storage tank in order to
prevent it from gelling or solidifying.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF)
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) is a solution composed
of urea and de-ionized water. In diesel vehicles, it
is used as part of the exhaust system to break
down harmful NOx emissions into nitrogen and
water. It is important to keep your vehicle’s DEF
tank filled properly.
Capacities and Specifications8-3
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Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) storage
The shelf life of diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) is
limited, whether it is stored in containers or in the
vehicle’s diesel exhaust fluid tank. There are a
variety of factors that can contribute to reducing
DEF’s shelf life, particularly temperature and du-
To increase shelf life when storing DEF, keep the
following in mind:● Avoid contamination by storing in sealed
● Protect from direct sunlight.
● Store DEF at temperatures between 23°F
and 77°F (-5°C and 25°C) to protect from
overheating or freezing.
DEF has a minimum expected shelf life of
18 months, but its shelf life will be reduced if the
above conditions are not met.
It will be necessary to recheck the DEF concen-
tration if it has been stored for an extensive period
of time, or if it has been exposed to water. More
information can be found in the manufacturer’s
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) disposal
Always check with local authorities for regula-
tions on proper disposing processes and re-
quirements for diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) .
8-4Capacities and Specifications
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ENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER
Selecting the correct oil
The factory fill oil may include a red dye
that that is added for manufacturing quality
processes. The dye makes the oil appear to
be red. This is normal. The red dye will be
flushed from the engine after approxi-
mately 4-5 oil changes.
It is essential to choose the correct grade, quality
and viscosity engine oil to ensure satisfactoryengine life and performance. For additional infor-
mation, refer to “Recommended fluids/lubricants
and capacities” in this section. NISSAN recom-
mends the use of an energy conserving oil in
order to improve fuel economy.
Select only engine oils that meet the Cummins®
Engineering Standard (CES) classification (CES
20081) and American Petroleum Institute (API)
certification (API CJ-4, Low Ash Oil) and SAE
viscosity standard (10W-30 or 5W-40) . These
oils have the API certification mark and CES
20081 on the container. Oils which do not have
the specified information on the label should not
be used as they could cause engine damage.
NISSAN does not recommend the use of oil
additives. The use of an oil additive is not neces-
sary when the proper oil type is used and main-
tenance intervals are followed.
Oil which may contain foreign matter or has been
previously used should not be used.
Capacities and Specifications8-5