NISSAN ALTIMA 2017 L33 / 5.G Owners Manual
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Page 381 of 497
Listed below are the system limitations for
the Sonar system. Failure to operate the
vehicle in accordance with these system
limitations could result in serious injury or
●Read and understand the limitations of
the sonar system as contained in this
section. Inclement weather may affect
the function of the sonar system; this
may include reduced performance or a
● The system is deactivated at speeds
above 6 mph (10 km/h). It is reactivated
at lower speeds.
● Inclement weather or ultrasonic
sources such as an automatic car wash,
a truck’s compressed-air brakes or a
pneumatic drill may affect the function
of the system; this may include reduced
performance or a false activation.
● The system is not designed to prevent
contact with small or moving objects.
Always move slowly. The system will
not detect small objects below the bum-
per or on the ground. ●
The system may not detect the follow-
ing objects: Fluffy objects such as
snow, cloth, cotton, glass-wool, etc.
Thin objects such as rope, wire and
chain, etc, or wedge-shaped objects.
● The system may not detect objects at
speeds above 3 mph (5 km/h) and may
not detect certain angular or moving
When sonar blockage is detected, the system
will be deactivated automatically.
The system is not available until the conditions no
The sonar sensors may be blocked by temporary
ambient conditions such as splashing water, mist
or fog. The blocked condition may also be caused
by objects such as ice, frost or dirt obstructing
the sonar sensors.
Action to take:
When the above conditions no longer exist, the
system will resume automatically.
The sonar sensors are located on the front and
rear bumpers. Always keep the area near the
sonar sensors clean.
The sonar sensors may be blocked by temporary
ambient conditions such as splashing water, mist
The blocked condition may also be caused by
objects such as ice, frost or dirt obstructing the
Check for and remove objects obstructing the
area around the sonar sensors.
5-86Starting and driving
Page 382 of 497
Do not attach stickers (including transparent ma-
terial) , install accessories or apply additional
paint near the sonar sensors.
Do not strike or damage the area around the
sonar sensors. It is recommended that you visit a
NISSAN dealer if the area around the sonar sen-
sors is damaged due to a collision.FREEING A FROZEN DOOR LOCK
To prevent a door lock from freezing, apply de-
icer through the key hole. If the lock becomes
frozen, heat the key before inserting it into the key
hole or use the remote keyless entry function on
the Intelligent Key.
In the winter when it is anticipated that the tem-
perature will drop below 32°F (0°C) , check the
antifreeze to assure proper winter protection. For
additional information, refer to “Engine cooling
system” in the “Do-it-yourself” section of this
If the battery is not fully charged during extremely
cold weather conditions, the battery fluid may
freeze and damage the battery. To maintain maxi-
mum efficiency, the battery should be checked
regularly. For additional information, refer to “Bat-
tery” in the “Do-it-yourself” section of this manual.
DRAINING OF COOLANT WATER
If the vehicle is to be left outside without anti-
freeze, drain the cooling system, including the
engine block. Refill before operating the vehicle.For additional information, refer to “Changing
engine coolant” in the “Do-it-yourself” section of
1. SUMMER tires have a tread designed to
provide superior performance on dry pave-
ment. However, the performance of these
tires will be substantially reduced in snowy
and icy conditions. If you operate your ve-
hicle on snowy or icy roads, NISSAN recom-
mends the use of MUD & SNOW or ALL
SEASON TIRES on all four wheels. It is
recommended that you visit a NISSAN
dealer for the tire type, size, speed rating and
2. For additional traction on icy roads, studded tires may be used. However, some U.S.
states and Canadian provinces prohibit their
use. Check local, state and provincial laws
before installing studded tires.
Skid and traction capabilities of studded
snow tires on wet or dry surfaces may be
poorer than that of non-studded snow tires. 3. Tire chains may be used. For additional in- formation, refer to “Tire chains” in the “Do-it-
yourself” section of this manual.
COLD WEATHER DRIVING
Starting and driving5-87
Page 383 of 497
SPECIAL WINTER EQUIPMENT
It is recommended that the following items be
carried in the vehicle during winter:● A scraper and stiff-bristled brush to remove
ice and snow from the windows and wiper
● A sturdy, flat board to be placed under the
jack to give it firm support.
● A shovel to dig the vehicle out of snowdrifts.
● Extra washer fluid to refill the windshield-
washer fluid reservoir.
DRIVING ON SNOW OR ICE
● Wet ice (32°F, 0°C and freezing rain) ,
very cold snow or ice can be slick and
very hard to drive on. The vehicle will
have much less traction or “grip” under
these conditions. Try to avoid driving on
wet ice until the road is salted or
● Whatever the condition, drive with cau-
tion. Accelerate and slow down with
care. If accelerating or downshifting too
fast, the drive wheels will lose even
more traction. ●
Allow more stopping distance under
these conditions. Braking should be
started sooner than on dry pavement.
● Allow greater following distances on
● Watch for slippery spots (glare ice) .
These may appear on an otherwise
clear road in shaded areas. If a patch of
ice is seen ahead, brake before reach-
ing it. Try not to brake while on the ice,
and avoid any sudden steering
● Do not use the cruise control on slip-
● Snow can trap dangerous exhaust
gases under your vehicle. Keep snow
clear of the exhaust pipe and from
around your vehicle.
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (if so
Engine block heaters are used to assist with cold
The engine block heater should be used when
the outside temperature is 20°F (-7°C) or lower.
● Do not use your engine block heater
with an ungrounded electrical system or
a 2-pronged adapter. You can be seri-
ously injured by an electrical shock if
you use an ungrounded connection.
● Disconnect and properly store the en-
gine block heater cord before starting
the engine. Damage to the cord could
result in an electrical shock and can
cause serious injury.
● Use a heavy-duty 3-wire, 3-pronged ex-
tension cord rated for at least 10 A. Plug
the extension cord into a Ground Fault
Interrupt (GFI) protected, grounded
110-VAC outlet. Failure to use the
proper extension cord or a grounded
outlet can result in a fire or electrical
shock and cause serious personal
5-88Starting and driving
Page 384 of 497
To use the engine block heater:1. Turn the engine off.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the engine block heater cord.
3. Plug the engine block heater cord into a grounded 3-wire, 3-pronged extension
4. Plug the extension cord into a Ground Fault Interrupt (GFI) protected, grounded 110-
volt AC (VAC) outlet.
5. The engine block heater must be plugged in for at least 2–4 hours, depending on outside
temperatures, to properly warm the engine
coolant. Use an appropriate timer to turn the
engine block heater on.
6. Before starting the engine, unplug and prop- erly store the cord to keep it away from
Starting and driving5-89
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5-90Starting and driving
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6 In case of emergency
Hazard warning flasher switch......................6-2
Emergency engine shut off .........................6-2
First aid kit (if so equipped) .........................6-3
Flat tire ...........................................6-3
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) ..........6-3
Changing a flat tire .............................6-4 Jump starting
Push starting ..................................... 6-10
If your vehicle overheats ........................... 6-10
Towing your vehicle ............................... 6-11
Towing recommended by NISSAN ..............6-12
Vehicle recovery (freeing a stuck vehicle) .........6-13
Page 387 of 497
Push the switch on to warn other drivers when
you must stop or park under emergency condi-
tions. All turn signal lights flash.
●If stopping for an emergency, be sure to
move the vehicle well off the road.
● Do not use the hazard warning flashers
while moving on the highway unless
unusual circumstances force you to
drive so slowly that your vehicle might
become a hazard to other traffic.
● Turn signals do not work when the haz-
ard warning flasher lights are on. The flashers will operate with the ignition switch
placed in any position.
Some jurisdictions may prohibit the use of
the hazard warning flasher switch while
To shut off the engine in an emergency situation
while driving, perform the following procedure:
– Rapidly push the push-button ignition switch
three consecutive times in less than 1.5 sec-
– Push and hold the push-button ignition switch for more than 2 seconds.
HAZARD WARNING FLASHER
SWITCH EMERGENCY ENGINE SHUT OFF
6-2In case of emergency
Page 388 of 497
A first aid kit is located in the trunk. To remove the
first aid kit:
Open the trunk. Lift the luggage floor. The first aid
1is located in the storage cover2.
TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING
This vehicle is equipped with TPMS. It monitors
tire pressure of all tires except the spare. When
the low tire pressure warning light is lit, and the
“Tire Pressure Low - Add Air” warning appears in
the vehicle information display, one or more of
your tires is significantly under-inflated. If
equipped, the system also displays pressure of
all tires (except the spare tire) on the display
screen by sending a signal from a sensor that is
installed in each wheel. If the vehicle is being
driven with low tire pressure, the TPMS will acti-
vate and warn you of it by the low tire pressure
warning light. This system will activate only when
the vehicle is driven at speeds above 16 mph
(25 km/h). For additional information, refer to
“Warning lights, indicator lights and audible re-
minders” in the “Instruments and controls” sec-
tion and “Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS)” in the “Starting and driving” section of
●Radio waves could adversely affect
electric medical equipment. Those who
use a pacemaker should contact the
electric medical equipment manufac-
turer for the possible influences before
● If the low tire pressure warning light
illuminates while driving, avoid sudden
steering maneuvers or abrupt braking,
reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road
to a safe location and stop the vehicle
as soon as possible. Driving with under-
inflated tires may permanently damage
the tires and increase the likelihood of
tire failure. Serious vehicle damage
could occur and may lead to an accident
and could result in serious personal in-
jury. Check the tire pressure for all four
tires. Adjust the tire pressure to the
recommended COLD tire pressure
shown on the Tire and Loading Informa-
tion label to turn the low tire pressure
warning light OFF. If you have a flat tire,
replace it with a spare tire as soon as
FIRST AID KIT (if so equipped) FLAT TIRE
In case of emergency6-3
Page 389 of 497
●Since the spare tire is not equipped with
the TPMS, when a spare tire is mounted
or a wheel is replaced, tire pressure will
not be indicated, the TPMS will not
function and the low tire pressure warn-
ing light will flash for approximately
one minute. Have your tires replaced
and/or TPMS system reset as soon as
possible. It is recommended that you
visit a NISSAN dealer for these services.
● Replacing tires with those not originally
specified by NISSAN could affect the
proper operation of the TPMS.
● Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol
tire sealant into the tires, as this may
cause a malfunction of the tire pressure
CHANGING A FLAT TIRE
If you have a flat tire, follow the instructions be-
Stopping the vehicle
1. Safely move the vehicle off the road and
away from traffic.
2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
3. Park on a level surface and apply the parking brake. Move the shift lever to P (Park) . 4. Turn off the engine.
5. Raise the hood to warn other traffic and to
signal professional road assistance person-
nel that you need assistance.
6. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle and stand in a safe place, away from traffic
and clear of the vehicle.
●Make sure the parking brake is securely
applied and the CVT is shifted into P
● Never change tires when the vehicle is
on a slope, ice or slippery areas. This is
● Never change tires if oncoming traffic is
close to your vehicle. Wait for profes-
sional road assistance.
B. Flat tire
Place suitable blocks at both the front and back
of the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tire to
prevent the vehicle from moving when it is jacked
Be sure to block the wheel as the vehicle
may move and result in personal injury.
6-4In case of emergency
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Getting the spare tire and tools
Open the trunk. Lift the luggage floor. Remove
the wheel nut wrench
1and the jack2from the
3. Then remove the storage cover
3to access the spare tire. Turn the clamp to remove the spare tire. Remove
the spare tire.
Removing wheel cover (if so
Do not use your hands to pry off wheel
caps or wheel covers. Doing so could re-
sult in personal injury.
To remove the wheel cover, use the jack rod
2between the wheel and jack rod to
prevent damaging the wheel and wheel cover.
Use caution not to scratch the wheel cover or
In case of emergency6-5
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