NISSAN LEAF 2013 1.G Owners Manual
Page 321 of 402
If the power limitation indicator lightillumi-
nates, the traction motor output is limited result-
ing in reduced vehicle speed. Stop the vehicle in
a safe location before the Li-ion battery becomes
completely discharged and no power is available
to drive the vehicle. Contact Roadside assis-
tance; see your NISSAN Warranty Information
If possible, place the power switch in the OFF
position while waiting for assistance to prevent
discharging the 12-volt battery.
If the Li-ion battery becomes completely
The vehicle is automatically placed in the
ON position and it will not be possible to
switch to the READY position.
The vehicle is automatically switched to
the N (Neutral) position and it will not be
possible to drive the vehicle.
If the vehicle is in the N (Neutral) position
and the Li-ion battery and the 12-volt
battery become completely discharged,
the vehicle can not be placed in the P
(Park) position. If this occurs, place suit-
able blocks at both the front and back of
a wheel to prevent the vehicle from mov-
ing. Failure to block a wheel may allow
the vehicle to move unexpectedly which
may result in serious personal injury or
To place the vehicle in the READY position so the
vehicle can be driven, charge the Li-ion battery
until the driving range on the instrument panel
changes from “---” to a numeric distance. Do not attempt to start the system by pushing the
An EV (Electric Vehicle) cannot be push-
started or tow-started. Attempting to do
so may cause traction motor damage.
IF THE LI-ION BATTERY BECOMES
COMPLETELY DISCHARGED PUSH STARTING
6-12In case of emergency
Page 322 of 402
Tools are located in the side of the cargo area.When towing your vehicle, all State (Provincial in
Canada) and local regulations for towing must be
followed. Incorrect towing equipment could dam-
age your vehicle. Towing instructions are avail-
able from a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. Local
service operators are familiar with the applicable
laws and procedures for towing. To assure
proper towing and to prevent accidental damage
to your vehicle, NISSAN recommends that you
have a service operator tow your vehicle. It is
advisable to have the service operator carefully
read the following precautions.WARNING
Never ride in a vehicle that is being towed.
Never get under your vehicle after it has been lifted by a tow truck.
When towing, make sure that the ax- les, steering system and power train
are in working condition. If any unit is
damaged, dollies must be used.
Always attach safety chains before towing.
For information about towing your vehicle behind
a recreational vehicle (RV) , see Flat towingin
the Technical and consumer information sec-
TOOLS TOWING YOUR VEHICLE
In case of emergency6-13
Page 323 of 402
TOWING RECOMMENDED BY
NISSAN recommends that your vehicle be towed
with the driving (front) wheels off the ground or
that the vehicle be placed on a flatbed truck as
Never tow with the front wheels on the ground or four wheels on the ground
(forward or backward) , as this may
cause serious and expensive damage
to the motor. When towing this vehicle with the rear
wheels on the ground (if you do not
use towing dollies): Always release
the parking brake. See Parking brake
If your vehicle cannot be moved because
the vehicle can not to be shifted to the N
(Neutral) position, please refer to the LEAF
Roadside Assistance Guide which is lo-
cated at www.NISSANUSA.com. If your ve-
hicle cannot be moved because the park-
ing brake cannot be released, see Parking
brake mechanical release.
6-14In case of emergency
Page 324 of 402
VEHICLE RECOVERY (FREEING
Stand clear of a stuck vehicle.
Do not spin your tires at high speed. This could cause them to explode,
which could result in serious injury.
Parts of the vehicle could also over-
heat and be damaged.
Pulling a stuck vehicle
Do not use the tie down hook for towing or
vehicle recovery. Rear:
Do not use the tie down hook to pull the vehicle.
Tow chains or cables must be attached only to the vehicle recovery hook or
main structural members of the ve-
hicle. Otherwise, the vehicle body will
Do not use the vehicle tie down hook to free a vehicle stuck in sand, snow,
In case of emergency6-15
Page 325 of 402
Never tow a vehicle using the vehicletie down hook or recovery hook.
Always pull the cable straight out from the front of the vehicle. Never pull on
the vehicle at an angle.
Pulling devices should be routed so they do not touch any part of the sus-
pension, steering, brake or cooling
Pulling devices such as ropes or can- vas straps are not recommended for
use in vehicle towing or recovery.
Rocking a stuck vehicle
If the vehicle is stuck in sand, snow, mud, etc., try
to free it by following the procedure below.
1. Turn off the Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
2. Make sure the area in front and behind the vehicle is clear of obstructions.
3. Turn the steering wheel left and right to clear an area around the front tires. 4. Slowly rock the vehicle forward and
Shift back and forth between the R (Reverse) and D (Drive) positions.
Apply the accelerator as little as possible to maintain the rocking motion.
Release the accelerator pedal before shifting between R (Reverse) and D (Drive) .
Do not spin the tires above 35 MPH (55 km/h) .
5. If the vehicle cannot be freed after a few tries, contact a professional towing service to re-
move the vehicle.
6-16In case of emergency
Page 326 of 402
7 Appearance and care
Cleaning exterior...................... .7-2
Washing ......................... .7-2
Waxing .......................... .7-2
Removing spots ..................... .7-3
Underbody ........................ .7-3
Glass ........................... .7-3
Solar cell module (if so equipped) ...........7-3
Wheels .......................... .7-3
Chrome parts ...................... .7-4
Tire dressing ....................... .7-4
Cleaning interior ....................... .7-4Air fresheners
Floor mats ........................ .7-5
Seat belts ........................ .7-5
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) ......7-6
Corrosion protection .................... .7-6
Most common factors contributing to vehicle
corrosion ......................... .7-6
Environmental factors influence the rate of
corrosion ......................... .7-6
To protect your vehicle from corrosion .........7-7
Page 327 of 402
In order to maintain the appearance of your ve-
hicle, it is important to take proper care of it.
To protect the paint surfaces, wash your vehicle
as soon as you can:
after a rainfall to prevent possible damage fromacid rain
after driving on coastal roads
when contaminants such as soot, bird drop- pings, tree sap, metal particles or bugs get on
the paint surface
when dust or mud builds up on the surface
Whenever possible, store or park your vehicle
inside a garage or in a covered area.
When it is necessary to park outside, park in a
shady area or protect the vehicle with a body
Be careful not to scratch the paint surface
when putting on or removing the body
Wash dirt off the vehicle with a wet sponge and
plenty of water. Clean the vehicle thoroughly
using a mild soap, a special vehicle soap or
general purpose dishwashing liquid mixed with
clean, lukewarm (never hot) water.
Do not use car washes that use acid in the detergent. Some car washes, espe-
cially brushless ones, use some acid
for cleaning. The acid may react with
some plastic vehicle components,
causing them to crack. This could af-
fect their appearance, and also could
cause them not to function properly.
Always check with your car wash to
confirm that acid is not used.
Do not wash the vehicle with strong household soap, strong chemical de-
tergents, gasoline or solvents.
Do not wash the vehicle in direct sun- light or while the vehicle body is hot,
as the surface may become water-
Avoid using tight-napped or rough cloths, such as washing mitts. Care
must be taken when removing
caked-on dirt or other foreign sub-
stances so the paint surface is not
scratched or damaged.
Rinse the vehicle thoroughly with plenty of clean
Inside flanges, seams and folds on the doors,
hatches and hood are particularly vulnerable to the effects of road salt. Therefore, these areas
must be regularly cleaned. Make sure that the
drain holes in the lower edge of the door are
open. Spray water under the body and in the
wheel wells to loosen the dirt and wash away
Avoid leaving water spots on the paint surface by
using a damp chamois to dry the vehicle.
Regular waxing protects the paint surface and
helps retain new vehicle appearance. Polishing is
recommended to remove built-up wax residue
and to avoid a weathered appearance before
A NISSAN certified LEAF dealer can assist you in
choosing the proper product.
Wax your vehicle only after a thorough washing.
Follow the instructions supplied with the wax.
Do not use a wax containing any abrasives, cutting compounds or cleaners that may dam-
age the vehicle finish.
Machine compound or aggressive polishing on a
base coat/clear coat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
7-2Appearance and care
Page 328 of 402
Remove tar and oil spots, industrial dust, insects,
and tree sap as quickly as possible from the paint
surface to avoid lasting damage or staining. Spe-
cial cleaning products are available at a NISSAN
certified LEAF dealer or any automotive acces-
In areas where road salt is used in winter, the
underbody must be cleaned regularly. This will
prevent dirt and salt from building up and causing
the acceleration of corrosion on the underbody
and suspension. Before the winter period and
again in the spring, the underseal must be
checked and, if necessary, re-treated.
Use glass cleaner to remove smoke and dust film
from the glass surfaces. It is normal for glass to
become coated with a film after the vehicle is
parked in the hot sun. Glass cleaner and a soft
cloth will easily remove this film.
When cleaning the inside of the win-
dows, do not use sharp-edged tools, abrasive cleaners or chlorine-based dis-
infectant cleaners. They could damage
the electrical conductors, radio antenna
elements or rear window defroster ele-
SOLAR CELL MODULE (IF SO
The solar cell uses a plastic cover. When clean-
ing the cell:
Do not polish the solar cell using a dry cloth or a
wax that contains a compound. Doing so may
strip off the hard coating.
In order to maintain the solar cell’s effective- ness, be sure to remove any leaves or dirt from
the surface of the cell.
Wash the wheels when washing the vehicle to
maintain their appearance.
Clean the inner side of the wheels when thewheel is changed or the underside of the vehicle
Inspect wheel rims regularly for dents or corro- sion. Such damage may cause loss of pressure
or poor seal at the tire bead. NISSAN recommends that the road wheels be
waxed to protect against road salt in areas
where it is used during winter.
Do not use abrasive cleaners when wash-
ing the wheels.
Aluminum alloy wheels
Wash regularly with a sponge dampened in a
mild soap solution, especially during winter
months in areas where road salt is used. Salt
could discolor the wheels if not removed.
Follow the directions below to avoid
staining or discoloring the wheels:
Do not use a cleaner that uses strong acid or alkali contents to clean the
Do not apply wheel cleaners to the wheels when they are hot. The wheel
temperature should be the same as
Rinse the wheel to completely remove the cleaner within 15 minutes after the
cleaner is applied.
Appearance and care7-3
Page 329 of 402
Clean chrome parts regularly with a non- abra-
sive chrome polish to maintain the finish.
NISSAN does not recommend the use of tire
dressings. Tire manufacturers apply a coating to
the tires to help reduce discoloration of the rub-
ber. If a tire dressing is applied to the tires, it may
react with the coating and form a compound. This
compound may come off the tire while driving and
stain the vehicle paint.
If you choose to use a tire dressing, take the
Use a water-based tire dressing. The coating onthe tire dissolves more easily with an oil-based
Apply a light coat of tire dressing to help prevent it from entering the tire tread/grooves (where it
would be difficult to remove) .
Wipe off excess tire dressing using a dry towel. Make sure the tire dressing is completely re-
moved from the tire tread/grooves.
Allow the tire dressing to dry as recommended by the tire dressing manufacturer. Occasionally remove loose dust from the interior
trim, plastic parts and seats using a vacuum
cleaner or soft bristled brush. Wipe the vinyl and
leather surfaces with a clean, soft cloth damp-
ened in mild soap solution, then wipe clean with a
dry soft cloth.
Regular care and cleaning is required in order to
maintain the appearance of the leather.
Before using any fabric protector, read the manu-
facturer’s recommendations. Some fabric pro-
tectors contain chemicals that may stain or
bleach the seat material.
Use a cloth dampened only with water to clean
the meter and gauge lens.
Do not use water or acidic cleaners (hot
steam cleaners) on the seat. This can
damage the seat or occupant classifica-
tion sensor. This can also affect the op-
eration of the air bag system and result in
serious personal injury.
Never use benzine, thinner, or any similar material. Small dirt particles can be abrasive
and damaging to the leather surfaces
and should be removed promptly. Do
not use saddle soap, car waxes, pol-
ishes, oils, cleaning fluids, solvents,
detergents or ammonia-based clean-
ers as they may damage the leather’s
Never use fabric protectors unless rec- ommended by the manufacturer.
Do not use glass or plastic cleaner on meter or gauge lens covers. It may
damage the lens cover.
Most air fresheners use a solvent that could affect
the vehicle interior. If you use an air freshener,
take the following precautions:
Hanging-type air fresheners can cause perma-
nent discoloration when they contact vehicle
interior surfaces. Place the air freshener in a
location that allows it to hang free and not
contact an interior surface.
Liquid-type air fresheners typically clip on the vents. These products can cause immediate
damage and discoloration when spilled on inte-
7-4Appearance and care
Page 330 of 402
Carefully read and follow the manufacturer’s in-
structions before using air fresheners.
To avoid potential pedal interference that
may result in a collision or injury:
NEVER place a floor mat on top of another floor mat in the driver front
Use only genuine NISSAN floor mats specifically designed for use in your
vehicle model. See your NISSAN certi-
fied LEAF dealer for more information.
Properly position the mats in the floor- well using the floor mat positioning
aid. See Floor mat positioning aid
(driver’s side only).
The use of genuine NISSAN floor mats can ex-
tend the life of your vehicle carpet and make it
easier to clean the interior. Mats should be main-
tained with regular cleaning and replaced if they
become excessively worn.
Floor mat positioning aid (driver’s side
This vehicle includes front floor mat brackets to
act as a floor mat positioning aid. NISSAN floor
mats have been specially designed for your ve-
hicle model. The driver’s side floor mat has grom-
met holes incorporated in it. Position the mat by
placing the floor mat bracket hook through the
floor mat grommet hole while centering the mat in
Periodically check to make certain the mats are
properly positioned. The illustration shows the location of floor mat
The seat belts can be cleaned by wiping them
with a sponge dampened in a mild soap solution.
Allow the belts to dry completely in the shade
before using them.
Seat belts in theSafety-Seats seat belts
and supplemental restraint system section.
Appearance and care7-5