NISSAN LEAF 2013 1.G Owners Manual
Page 281 of 402
6. Voice memory A or memory B is selectedautomatically. If both memory locations are
already in use, the system will prompt you to
overwrite one. Follow the instructions pro-
vided by the system.
7. When preparation is complete and you are ready to begin, press the
8. The VA mode will be explained. Follow the instructions provided by the system.
9. When training is finished, the system will tell you an adequate number of phrases have
10. The system will announce that voice adap- tation has been completed and the system is
The VA mode will stop if:
button is pressed for more than 5
seconds in VA mode.
The vehicle begins moving during VA mode.
The power switch is placed in the OFF position.
During the VA mode, the system instructs the
trainer to say the following phrases. (The system
will prompt you for each phrase.)
phonebook transfer entry dial three oh four two nine
delete call back number
eight pause nine three two pause seven
delete all entries
call seven two four zero nine
phonebook delete entry
dial star two one seven oh
dial eight five six nine two
call three one nine oh two
nine seven pause pause three oh eight
call back number
call star two zero nine five
dial eight three zero five one record name
four three pause two nine pause zero
delete redial number
phonebook list names
call eight oh five four one
dial seven four oh one eight
dial nine seven two six six
dial seven six three oh one
call five six two eight zero
call six six four three seven
While using the Voice Recognition system, it is
possible to select menu options by using the
steering wheel controls instead of speaking voice
commands. This can be especially helpful if the
noise of driving makes it difficult for the Voice
Recognition system to accurately interpret com-
mands. The manual control mode does not allow
dialing a phone number by digits. The user may
4-56Heater, air conditioner, audio and phone systems
Page 282 of 402
select an entry from the Phonebook or Recent
Calls lists. To re-activate Voice Recognition, exit
the manual control mode by pressing and holding
the PHONE/END (
) button. At that time,
pressing the PHONE/SEND (
) button will
start the Hands Free Phone System.
To enter manual control mode, start the Voice Recognition system and tilt the tuning (
switch up or down. The system will speak
“Showing Manual Options” when manual con-
trols are initially activated.
To browse the menu options, tilt the tuning (
) switch up or down. The system will
always speak the current menu option. Depend-
ing on the audio display, it will also show the
current menu option.
To select the current menu option, press the PHONE/SEND (
To go back to the previous menu, press the PHONE/END (
) button. If the current
menu is the Main Menu, pressing the PHONE/
) button will exit the Phone system.
To exit the manual control mode, press and hold the PHONE/END (
) button for 5 seconds.
Heater, air conditioner, audio and phone systems4-57
Page 283 of 402
The system should respond correctly to all voice
commands without difficulty. If problems are en-
countered, try the following solutions.
Where the solutions are listed by number, try
each solution in turn, starting with number 1, until
the problem is resolved.
System fails to interpret the command
correctly. 1. Ensure that the command is valid. See “List of voice commands” in this section.
2. Ensure that the command is spoken after the tone.
3. Speak clearly without pausing between words and at a level appropriate to the ambient noise level in the vehicle.
4. Ensure that the ambient noise level is not excessive (for example, windows open or defroster on) . NOTE: If it is too noisy to use the phone, it
is likely that the voice commands will not be recognized.
5. If more than one command was said at a time, try saying the commands separately.
6. If the system consistently fails to recognize commands, the voice training procedure should be carried out to improve the recognition re-
sponse for the speaker. See “Voice Adaptation (VA) mode” in this section.
The system consistently selects the
wrong entry from the phone book. 1. Ensure that the phone book entry name requested matches what was originally stored. This can be confirmed by using the “List Names”
command. See “Phonebook” in this section.
2. Replace one of the names being confused with a new name.
4-58Heater, air conditioner, audio and phone systems
Page 284 of 402
5 Starting and driving
Precautions when starting and driving...........5-2
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) .......5-2
Avoiding collision and rollover ..............5-5
Off-road recovery .................... .5-5
Rapid air pressure loss ................. .5-6
Drinking alcohol/drugs and driving ...........5-6
Push-button power switch ................. .5-7
NISSAN Intelligent Key® system ............5-7
Operating range for EV (Electric Vehicle) start
function .......................... .5-7
Power switch operation ................ .5-8
Power switch positions ................. .5-8
Emergency EV (Electric Vehicle) shut off .......5-9
NISSAN Intelligent Key® battery discharge ......5-9
Before starting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system . . . .5-10
Starting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system ........5-10
Driving vehicle ....................... .5-11
Electric shift control system ..............5-11
Parking brake ....................... .5-14
Cruise control ....................... .5-15Precautions on cruise control
Cruise control operation ................5-15
Increasing power economy ................5-17
Parking/parking on hills .................. .5-18
Power steering system .................. .5-19
Brake system ........................ .5-19
Brake precautions ................... .5-19
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) ...........5-21
Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system .........5-22
Hill start assist system .................. .5-24
Cold weather driving ................... .5-24
Freeing a frozen door lock ...............5-25
Antifreeze ........................ .5-25
12-volt battery ..................... .5-25
Draining of coolant water ................5-25
Tire equipment ..................... .5-25
winter equipment .............. .5-26
Driving on snow or ice ................ .5-26
Freeing a frozen charge port lid ............5-26
Page 285 of 402
Do not leave children or adults who would normally require the support of
others alone in your vehicle. Pets
should not be left alone either. They
could accidentally injure themselves
or others through inadvertent opera-
tion of the vehicle. Also, on hot, sunny
days, temperatures in a closed vehicle
could quickly become high enough to
cause severe or possibly fatal injuries
to people or animals.
Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or
shifting. Do not place cargo higher
than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop
or collision, unsecured cargo could
cause personal injury.
TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING
Each tire, should be checked monthly when cold
and inflated to the inflation pressure recom-
mended by the vehicle manufacturer on the ve-
hicle placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If
your vehicle has tires of a different size than the
size indicated on the vehicle placard or tire infla- tion pressure label, you should determine the
proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been
equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale
when one or more of your tires is significantly
under-inflated. Accordingly, when the low tire
pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and
check your tires as soon as possible, and inflate
them to the proper pressure. Driving on a signifi-
cantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to over-
heat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation
also reduces power efficiency and tire tread life,
and may affect the vehicle’s handling and stop-
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for
proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure,
even if under-inflation has not reached the level to
trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a
TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS mal-
function indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approxi-mately one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the mal-
function exists. When the malfunction indicator is
illuminated, the system may not be able to detect
or signal low tire pressure as intended. TPMS
malfunctions may occur for a variety of reasons,
including the installation of replacement or alter-
nate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent
the TPMS from functioning properly. Always
check the TPMS malfunction telltale after replac-
ing one or more tires or wheels on your vehicle to
ensure that the replacement or alternate tires and
wheels allow the TPMS to continue to function
The TPMS will activate only when the vehicle is
driven at speeds above 16 MPH (25 km/h) .
Also, this system may not detect a sudden drop
in tire pressure (for example, a flat tire while
The low tire pressure warning light does not automatically turn off when the tire pressure is
adjusted. After the tire is inflated to the recom-
mended pressure, the vehicle must be driven at
speeds above 16 MPH (25 km/h) to activate the
TPMS and turn off the low tire pressure warning
PRECAUTIONS WHEN STARTING
5-2Starting and driving
Page 286 of 402
light. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the tire
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning ap- pears on the dot matrix liquid crystal display
when the low tire pressure warning light is illu-
minated and low tire pressure is detected. The
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning turns off
when the low tire pressure warning light turns
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning ap-
pears each time the ignition switch is placed in
the ON position as long as the low tire pres-
sure warning light remains illuminated.
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning does not
appear if the low tire pressure warning light illu-
minates to indicate a TPMS malfunction.
Tire pressure rises and falls depending on the heat caused by operation of the vehicle and the
outside temperature. A low outside temperature
can decrease the temperature of the air inside
the tire, which can cause a lower tire inflation
pressure. This may cause the low tire pressure
warning light to illuminate. If the warning light
illuminates in low ambient temperature, check
the tire pressure for all four tires.
For additional information, see Low tire pressure
warning light in theInstruments and controls section and
Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS) in theIn case of emergency section.
Radio waves could adversely affect electric medical equipment. Those
who use a pacemaker should contact
the electric medical equipment manu-
facturer for the possible influences be-
If the low tire pressure warning light illuminates while driving, avoid sud-
den steering maneuvers or abrupt
braking, reduce vehicle speed, pull off
the road to a safe location and stop the
vehicle as soon as possible. Driving
with under-inflated tires may perma-
nently damage the tires and increase
the likelihood of tire failure. Serious
vehicle damage could occur and may
lead to an accident and could result in
serious personal injury. Check the tire
pressure for all four tires. Adjust the
tire pressure to the recommended
COLD tire pressure shown on the Tire
and Loading Information label to turn
the low tire pressure warning light
OFF. If the tire is flat, repair it as soon
as possible. (See Flat tirein theIn case of emergency
section for chang-
ing a flat tire.)
When a wheel is replaced, the TPMS will not function and the low tire pres-
sure warning light will flash for ap-
proximately 1 minute. The light will re-
main on after 1 minute. Contact a
NISSAN certified LEAF dealer as soon
as possible for tire replacement
and/or system resetting.
Replacing tires with those not origi- nally specified by NISSAN could affect
the proper operation of the TPMS.
If you used the Emergency Tire Sealant to repair a minor tire puncture, your
NISSAN certified LEAF dealer will also
need to replace the TPMS sensor in
addition to repairing or replacing the
NISSAN recommends using only NISSAN Genuine Emergency Tire
Sealant provided with your vehicle.
Other tire sealants may damage the
valve stem seal which can cause the
tire to lose air pressure.
Starting and driving5-3
Page 287 of 402
The TPMS may not function properly when the wheels are equipped with
tire chains or the wheels are buried in
Do not place metalized film or any metal parts (antenna, etc.) on the win-
dows. This may cause poor reception
of the signals from the tire pressure
sensors, and the TPMS will not func-
Some devices and transmitters may temporarily
interfere with the operation of the TPMS and
cause the low tire pressure warning light to illu-
minate. Some examples are:
Facilities or electric devices using similar radio frequencies that are near the vehicle.
If a transmitter set to similar frequencies is being used in or near the vehicle.
If a computer (or similar equipment) or a DC/AC converter is being used in or near the vehicle. FCC Notice:
This device complies with Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the fol-
lowing two conditions: (1) This device may
not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference re-
ceived, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly ap-
proved by the party responsible for compli-
ance could void the user’s authority to op-
erate the equipment.
This device complies with RSS-210 of In-
dustry Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device
may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, in-
cluding interference that may cause unde-
sired operation of the device.
TPMS with Easy Fill Tire Alert
When tire pressure is low, the low tire pressure
warning light illuminates.
This vehicle provides visual and audible signals to
help you inflate the tires to the recommended
COLD tire pressure.
1. Park the vehicle in a safe and level place.
2. Apply the parking brake and push the P (Park)
position switch on the shift lever.
3. Place the power switch in the ON position. Do not place in the READY to drive mode.
1. Add air to the tire.
2. After a few seconds, the hazard indicators will start flashing.
3. When the designated pressure is reached, the horn beeps once and the hazard indica-
tors stop flashing.
4. Perform the above steps for each tire.
If the tire is over-inflated more than approxi- mately 4 psi (30 kPa) , the horn beeps and the
hazard indicators flash 3 times. To correct the
pressure, push the core of the valve stem on the
5-4Starting and driving
Page 288 of 402
tire briefly to release pressure. When the pres-
sure reaches the designated pressure, the horn
If the hazard indicator does not flash within approximately 15 seconds after starting to in-
flate the tire, it indicates that the Easy Fill Tire
Alert is not operating.
The TPMS will not activate the Easy Fill Tire Alert under the following conditions: – If there is interference from an external de- vice or transmitter.
– The air pressure from the inflation device is not sufficient to inflate the tire such as those
using a power socket.
– If an electrical equipment is being used in or near the vehicle.
– There is a malfunction in the TPMS system.
– There is a malfunction in the horn or hazard indicators.
– If the Easy Fill Tire Alert does not operate due to TPMS interference, move the vehicle
about 3 ft (1 m) backward or forward and try
If the Easy Fill Tire Alert is not working, use a tire
pressure gauge.AVOIDING COLLISION AND
Failure to operate this vehicle in a safe
and prudent manner may result in loss of
control or an accident.
Be alert and drive defensively at all times. Obey all
traffic regulations. Avoid excessive speed, high
speed cornering, or sudden steering maneuvers,
because these driving practices could cause you to
lose control of your vehicle.
As with any vehicle, a
loss of control could result in a collision with
other vehicles or objects, or cause the vehicle to
rollover, particularly if the loss of control causes
the vehicle to slide sideways.
Be attentive at all
times, and avoid driving when tired. Never drive
when under the influence of alcohol or drugs (in-
cluding prescription or over-the-counter drugs
which may cause drowsiness) . Always wear your
seat belt as outlined in the
Seat beltsin the Safety
— Seats seat belts and supplemental restraint sys-
section of this manual, and also instruct your
passengers to do so.
Seat belts help reduce the risk of injury in colli-
sions and rollovers. In a rollover crash, an unbelted or improperly belted person is
significantly more likely to be injured or
killed than a person properly wearing a
While driving, the right side or left side wheels
may unintentionally leave the road surface. If this
occurs, maintain control of the vehicle by follow-
ing the procedure below. Please note that this
procedure is only a general guide. The vehicle
must be driven as appropriate based on the con-
ditions of the vehicle, road and traffic.
1. Remain calm and do not overreact.
2. Do not apply the brakes.
3. Maintain a firm grip on the steering wheel with
both hands and try to hold a straight course.
4. When appropriate, slowly release the accel- erator pedal to gradually slow the vehicle.
5. If there is nothing in the way, steer the vehicle to follow the road while the vehicle speed is
reduced. Do not attempt to drive the vehicle
back onto the road surface until vehicle speed
6. When it is safe to do so, gradually turn the steering wheel until both tires return to the
road surface. When all tires are on the road
Starting and driving5-5
Page 289 of 402
surface, steer the vehicle to stay in the appro-
priate driving lane.
If you decide that it is not safe to return the vehicle to the road surface based on vehicle,
road or traffic conditions, gradually slow the
vehicle to a stop in a safe place off the road.
RAPID AIR PRESSURE LOSS
Rapid air pressure loss or a “blow-out” can occur if
the tire is punctured or is damaged due to hitting a
curb or pothole. Rapid air pressure loss can also be
caused by driving on under-inflated tires.
Rapid air pressure loss can affect the handling
and stability of the vehicle, especially at highway
Help prevent rapid air pressure loss by maintain-
ing the correct air pressure and visually inspect
the tires for wear and damage. See Wheels and
tires in the Maintenance and do-it-yourself
section of this manual.
If a tire rapidly loses air pressure or “blows-out”
while driving maintain control of the vehicle by
following the procedure below. Please note that
this procedure is only a general guide. The ve-
hicle must be driven as appropriate based on the
conditions of the vehicle, road and traffic.
The following actions can increase the
chance of losing control of the vehicle if
there is a sudden loss of tire air pressure.
Losing control of the vehicle may cause a
collision and result in personal injury.
The vehicle generally moves or pulls in the direction of the flat tire.
Do not rapidly apply the brakes.
Do not rapidly release the accelerator pedal.
Do not rapidly turn the steering wheel.
1. Remain calm and do not overreact.
2. Maintain a firm grip on the steering wheel with both hands and try to hold a straight course.
3. When appropriate, slowly release the accel- erator pedal to gradually slow the vehicle.
4. Gradually steer the vehicle to a safe location off the road and away from traffic if possible.
5. Lightly apply the brake pedal to gradually stop the vehicle.
6. Turn on the hazard warning flashers and either contact a roadside emergency service to
change the tire or see Flat tirein theIn case
of emergency of this Owner’s Manual.
DRINKING ALCOHOL/DRUGS AND
Never drive under the influence of alco-
hol or drugs. Alcohol in the bloodstream
reduces coordination, delays reaction
time and impairs judgement. Driving af-
ter drinking alcohol increases the likeli-
hood of being involved in an accident
injuring yourself and others. Additionally,
if you are injured in an accident, alcohol
can increase the severity of the injury.
NISSAN is committed to safe driving. However,
you must choose not to drive under the influence
of alcohol. Every year thousands of people are
injured or killed in alcohol-related accidents. Al-
though the local laws vary on what is considered
to be legally intoxicated, the fact is that alcohol
affects all people differently and most people
underestimate the effects of alcohol.
Remember, drinking and driving don’t mix! That is
true for drugs too (over-the-counter, prescrip-
tion, and illegal drugs) . Do not drive if your ability
to operate your vehicle is impaired by alcohol,
drugs, or some other physical condition.
5-6Starting and driving
Page 290 of 402
Do not operate the power switch while
driving the vehicle except in an emer-
gency. (The EV system shuts down when
the power switch is pushed 3 consecutive
times or the power switch is pushed and
held for more than 2 seconds.) If the EV
system stops while the vehicle is being
driven, this could lead to a crash and
Before operating the power switch, make sure
the vehicle is in the P (Park) position.
NISSAN INTELLIGENT KEY®
The Intelligent Key system allows the driver to
start the EV (Electric Vehicle) system without
taking the key out of the pocket or purse. The
operating environment and/or conditions may af-
fect Intelligent Key system operation.
Some indicators and warnings for operation are
displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal display
in the lower display. See Dot matrix liquid crystal
display in theInstruments and controls sec-
Be sure to carry the Intelligent Key with you when operating the vehicle.
Never leave the Intelligent Key inside the vehicle when you leave the vehicle.OPERATING RANGE FOR EV
(ELECTRIC VEHICLE) START
The Intelligent Key function can only be used for
starting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system when
the Intelligent Key is within the specified operat-
When the Intelligent Key battery is almost dis-
charged or strong radio waves are present near
the operating location, the Intelligent Key sys-
tem’s operating range becomes narrower and it
may not function properly.
PUSH-BUTTON POWER SWITCH
Starting and driving5-7