NISSAN PATHFINDER HYBRID 2014 R52 / 4.G Service Manual
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Do not operate the push-button ignition
switch while driving the vehicle except in
an emergency. (The NISSAN PURE-
DRIVE™ Hybrid System will stop when the
ignition switch is pushed 3 consecutive
times or the ignition switch is pushed and
held for more than 2 seconds.) If the hy-
brid system is turned off while the vehicle
is being driven, this could lead to a crash
and serious injury.When the ignition switch is pushed without de-
pressing the brake pedal, the ignition switch will
Push the ignition switch center:● once to change to ACC.
● two times to change to ON.
● three times to return to OFF.
The ignition switch will automatically return to the
LOCK position when any door is either opened or
closed with the switch in the OFF position. The ignition lock is designed so that the ignition
switch position cannot be switched to OFF until
the shift lever is moved to the P (Park) position.
When the ignition switch cannot be pushed to-
ward the OFF position, proceed as follows:
1. Move the shift lever into the P (Park) posi- tion.
2. Push the ignition switch. The ignition switch position will change to the ON position.
3. Push the ignition switch again to the OFF position.
The shift lever can be moved from the P
(Park) position if the ignition switch is in
the ON position and the brake pedal is
If the battery of the vehicle is discharged,
the push-button ignition switch cannot be
moved from the LOCK position.
Some indicators and warnings for operation are
displayed on the vehicle information display. See
“Vehicle information display” in the “Instruments
and controls” section of this manual.
PUSH-BUTTON IGNITION SWITCH
5-2Starting and driving
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The ignition switch is in the OFF position when
the engine is turned off using the ignition switch.
No lights will illuminate on the ignition switch.
This position activates electrical accessories,
such as the radio, when the engine is not running.
ACC has a battery saver feature that will turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position after a period
of time under the following conditions:● All doors are closed.
● Shift lever is in P (Park) .
The battery saver feature will be cancelled if any
of the following occur: ● Any door is opened.
● Shift lever is moved out of P (Park) .
● Ignition switch changes position. ON (Normal operating position):
This position turns on the ignition system and
ON has a battery saver feature that will turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position after some
time if the vehicle is not running under the follow-
● All doors are closed.
● Shift lever is in P (Park) .
The battery saver feature will be cancelled if any
door is open.
Do not leave the vehicle with the ignition
switch in ACC or ON positions when the
engine is not running for an extended pe-
riod. This can discharge the battery. ●
Make sure the area around the vehicle is
● Check fluid levels such as engine oil, cool-
ant, brake fluid, and windshield-washer fluid
as frequently as possible, or at least when-
ever you refuel.
● Check that all windows and lights are clean.
● Visually inspect tires for their appearance
and condition. Also check tires for proper
● Check that all doors are closed.
● Position seat and adjust head
● Adjust inside and outside mirrors.
● Fasten seat belts and ask all passengers to
● Check the operation of warning lights when
the ignition switch is placed in the ON posi-
tion. See “Warning/indicator lights and au-
dible reminders” in the “Instruments and
controls” section of this manual.
PUSH-BUTTON IGNITION SWITCH
POSITIONS BEFORE STARTING THE NISSAN
PUREDRIVE™ HYBRID SYSTEM
Starting and driving5-3
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1. Apply the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever to P (Park) or N (Neu-tral) . P (Park) is recommended.
The NISSAN PUREDRIVE™ Hybrid Sys-
tem is designed not to operate if the
shift lever is in any of the driving posi-
3. Depress the brake pedal and push the igni- tion switch to start the hybrid system. The
READY to drive indicator will illuminate on
When starting the hybrid system at
very low outside temperatures, the
READY to drive indicator light will flash
and it may take longer for the READY
to drive indicator light to illuminate.
When the READY to drive indicator
light is flashing, it cannot be shifted
out of P (Park) .
When the READY light is flashing, it
cannot move out of P (Park) . NOTE:
Do not start the vehicle in the N (Neutral)
● The hybrid system may not start even with
the READY to drive indicator light illumi-
nated. Once the READY to drive indicator
light is illuminated you may begin driving the
Care should be taken to avoid situations
that can lead to potential 12-volt battery
discharge and potential no-start conditions
such as: 1. Installation or extended use of elec-
tronic accessories that consume 12-
volt battery power when the engine is
not running (Phone chargers, GPS,
DVD players, etc.)
2. Vehicle is not driven regularly and/or
only driven short distances.
In these cases, the 12-volt battery may
need to be charged to maintain 12-volt bat-
tery health. Follow these easy-to-use Fuel-Efficient Driving
Tips to help you achieve the most fuel economy
from your vehicle.
1. Use Smooth Accelerator and Brake
● Avoid rapid starts and stops
● Use smooth, gentle accelerator and
brake application whenever possible
● Maintain constant speed while commut-
ing and coast whenever possible
● Apply light pressure to the accelerator
pedal when driving on flat roads or down
● Avoid pumping the breaks when slowing
the vehicle when possible
2. Maintain Constant Speed
● Look ahead to try and anticipate and mini-
● Synchronizing your speed with traffic
lights allows you to reduce your number
● Maintaining a steady speed can minimize
red light stops and improve fuel efficiency
STARTING THE NISSAN PUREDRIVE™
HYBRID SYSTEM FUEL-EFFICIENT DRIVING TIPS
5-4Starting and driving
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3.Use Air Conditioning (A/C) at Higher
● Below 40 MPH (64 km/h), it is more
efficient to open windows to cool the
vehicle due to reduced engine load
● Above 40 MPH (64 km/h), it is more
efficient to use A/C to cool the vehicle
due to increased aerodynamic drag
● Recirculating the cool air in the cabin
when the A/C is on reduces cooling load
● Turn off air conditioning when it is not
4. Drive at Economical Speeds and Dis-
● Observing the speed limit and not ex-
ceeding 60 MPH (97 km/h) (where le-
gally allowed) can improve fuel efficiency
due to reduced aerodynamic drag
● Maintaining a safe following distance be-
hind other vehicles reduces unnecessary
● Safely monitoring traffic to anticipate
changes in speed permits reduced brak-
ing and smooth acceleration changes
● Select a gear range suitable to road con-
● Frequent short-distance driving can re-
duce fuel economy 5.
Use Cruise Control
● Using cruise control during highway driv-
ing helps maintain a steady speed
● Cruise control is particularly effective in
providing fuel savings when driving on flat
6. Plan for the Shortest Route
● Utilize a map or navigation system to de-
termine the best route to save time
7. Avoid Idling
● Shutting off your engine when safe for
stops exceeding 30–60 seconds saves
fuel and reduces emissions
8. Buy an Automated Pass for Toll Roads
● Automated passes permit drivers to use
special lanes to maintain cruising speed
through the toll and avoid stopping and
9. Winter Warm Up
● Limit idling time to minimize impact to fuel
Vehicles typically need no more than
30 seconds of idling at start-up to effec-
tively circulate the engine oil before driving
● Your vehicle will reach its ideal operating
temperature more quickly while driving
● Park your vehicle in moderate ambient
temperatures when possible
10. Keeping your Vehicle Cool
● Park your vehicle in a covered parking
area or in the shade whenever possible
● When entering a hot vehicle, opening the
windows will help to reduce the inside
temperature faster, resulting in reduced
demand on your A/C system
● Avoid transporting unnecessary luggage
in the vehicle
● Avoid carrying luggage in the roof rack
which can increase aerodynamic drag
● Your vehicle may need a break-in period
for more than 4000 miles to improve the
● Avoid measuring fuel economy within ini-
tial 1200 miles
Starting and driving5-5
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13.Use D (Drive)
● Use the D (Drive) and drive with the Over
Drive on as much as possible
● Driving with the Over Drive OFF or in the
L (Low) position may cause the engine to
run longer than necessary and reduce
This system uses microphones
the vehicle to detect engine booming sound. The
system then automatically produces a muted en-
gine booming sound through the speakers and
woofer (if so equipped) to reduce engine boom-
To operate the active noise control system
● Do not cover the speakers or woofer (if so
● Do not cover the microphones.
ACTIVE NOISE CONTROL
5-6Starting and driving
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●Do not change or modify speakers including
the woofer and any audio related compo-
nents such as the amplifier.
● Do not make any modification including
sound deadening or modifications around
the microphones or speakers.WARNING
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the hydraulic brake warning
light and the electronically controlled
brake system warning light is on. Driving
could be dangerous. If you judge it to be
safe, drive carefully to the nearest service
station for repairs. Otherwise, have your
vehicle towed because driving it could be
The brake booster aids braking by using engine
vacuum. If the hybrid system is turned off, you can
stop the vehicle by depressing the brake pedal.
However, greater foot pressure on the brake
pedal will be required to stop the vehicle and
stopping distance will be longer.
Using the brakes
Avoid resting your foot on the brake pedal while
driving. This will overheat the brakes, wear out the
brake pads faster, and reduce gas mileage. To help reduce brake wear and to prevent the
brakes from overheating, reduce speed and
downshift to a lower gear before going down a
slope or long grade. Overheated brakes may
reduce braking performance and could result in
loss of vehicle control.
When applying the brakes, you may hear a sound
coming from the braking system. This is normal.
While driving on a slippery surface, be
careful when braking, accelerating or
downshifting. Abrupt braking or acceler-
ating could cause the wheels to skid and
result in an accident.
Starting and driving5-7
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5-8Starting and driving
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6 In case of emergency
Hybrid system stops operating while driving..........6-2
If the vehicle does not start .........................6-2
Confirm battery is discharged ....................6-2 Emergency Start
Jump starting .....................................6-3
If your vehicle overheats ............................6-5
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●If the hybrid system stops operating
while driving, the power assist for the
brakes and steering will not work. Brak-
ing and steering will be harder.
● If the hybrid system stops operating
while driving, do not open any door until
the vehicle comes to a complete stop.
Opening a door will lock the steering
wheel. This may cause the driver to lose
control of the vehicle and could result in
serious vehicle damage or personal
The hybrid system may stop operating while driv-
ing if the high-voltage battery becomes dis-
charged, the 12-volt battery becomes dis-
charged or the fuel tank is empty. If the hybrid
system stops operating while driving, perform the
following: 1. Reduce your speed gradually. Pull to the side of the road to a safe area.
2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
3. Set the push-button ignition switch at ACC or OFF, and try to start the hybrid system.
4. If the hybrid system will not start, see “Ve- hicle does not start” in this section. Before attempting to jump start the vehicle, make
sure the fuel tank is not empty and the correct
starting procedure is followed. See “Starting the
Hybrid System” in the “Starting and driving” sec-
tion of your Owner’s Manual. Do not drive the
vehicle on battery power only if the fuel tank is
empty. The Li-ion battery will become discharged
and the hybrid system will turn off.
CONFIRM BATTERY IS
Confirm the battery is discharged by pushing the
ignition switch to the ON position. Confirm the
instrument cluster or head lights come on at the
normal brightness levels or that other accesso-
ries such as the audio system come on. Push the
ignition switch to turn the hybrid system on.
If any of the following conditions occurs, the
12-volt battery might discharged:
● The instrument cluster and/or headlights are
not normal brightness.
● Audio accessories cannot be turned on.
● The hybrid system does not become READY
to drive mode.
● The ignition switch cannot be placed in the
Check the following if you notice above conditions:
1. Check that the 12-volt battery terminals are
tight and clean. See “12-volt Battery” in the
“Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section. If
the 12-volt battery terminals are loose, con-
tact your NISSAN dealer.
2. If the 12-volt battery terminals are tight and clean, try to jump start the vehicle. See
“Jump starting” in this section.
When the hybrid system cannot be started, the
following procedure can be used if the hybrid
system and push-button ignition switch function
1. Put the transmission in P (Park) position.
2. Push the ignition switch to the ACC posi- tion.
3. Depress the brake pedal.
Push and hold the ignition switch for about
15 seconds. Even if the hybrid system starts
using this procedure, the system may be mal-
functioning. Do not continue to use this emer-
gency procedure to start the system. Have the
vehicle checked by your NISSAN dealer.
If the hybrid system still does not start, contact
you NISSAN dealer.
HYBRID SYSTEM STOPS OPERATING
WHILE DRIVING IF THE VEHICLE DOES NOT START
6-2In case of emergency
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Jump starting provides power to the 12–volt sys-
tem to allow the electrical systems to operate.
The electrical systems must be operating to allow
the Li-ion battery to be charged. Jump starting
does not charge the Li-ion battery.
To start the hybrid system with a booster battery,
the instructions and precautions below must be
●The engine may start at any time with-
out warning when the ignition is on and
the hybrid system is in the READY
mode. When jump starting keep your
hands, clothing, hair and tools away
from fans, belts and any other parts that
can move to avoid personal injury.
● If done incorrectly, jump starting can
lead to a 12–volt battery explosion, re-
sulting in severe injury or death. It could
also damage your vehicle.
● Explosive hydrogen gas is always pres-
ent in the vicinity of the battery. Keep all
sparks and flames away from the
Do not allow battery fluid to come into
contact with eyes, skin, clothing or
painted surfaces. Battery fluid is a cor-
rosive sulfuric acid solution which can
cause severe burns. If the fluid should
come into contact with anything, imme-
diately flush the contacted area with
● Keep 12–volt battery out of the reach of
● The booster battery must be rated at
12 volts. Use of an improperly rated
battery can damage your vehicle.
● Whenever working on or near a battery,
always wear suitable eye protectors (for
example, goggles or industrial safety
spectacles) and remove rings, metal
bands, or any other jewelry. Do not lean
over the battery when jump starting.
● Do not attempt to jump start a frozen
battery. It could explode and cause se-
● Your vehicle has an automatic engine
cooling fan. It could come on at any
time. Keep hands and other objects
away from it. ●
Always follow the instructions below.
Failure to do so could result in damage
to the charging system and cause per-
Do not attempt to jump start a hybrid
vehicle as a booster vehicle.
In case of emergency6-3